HDP assign1-10

HDP assign1-10 - Xuan Duong October 6, 2007 HDP1, Section:...

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Xuan Duong October 6, 2007 HDP1, Section: Fri @ 4:00 Lecture 9/27, Assignment 1 The hypothesis of how children learn language and why they behave this way is through imitation. So, for example, if the child is raised by parents and siblings with poor grammar, the child is very likely to have the same grammatical problems. Another important factor for children to learn languages, other than their family, are friends, and even the media. Parents often expose their children to toys that ‘speak’ or daytime television for children. Educational shows, such as Barney or Sesame Street help children also. Although not all children watch these types of shows, those children who do, this type of media plays some influential or significant role in a child’s learning experience. Another core issue revolves around neurodevelopment, about how specific input is correlated to age. It is a normal for children of age 5 to attend kindergarten or first grade and learn their alphabets, etc. what about child prodigies? We cannot just leave out the 8 year-old geniuses or math prodigies. Are these children’s neurodevelopment more mature or advanced compared to the average child of the same age? Or is the average child not exposed to some type of special treatment or teaching that the genius child has had? Another important factor is “stasis” during neurodevelopment. These periods of stasis are when humans are still undergoing learning, but ‘unseen’ changes. I don’t think the stasis period has any relevance. Humans are constantly learning, and labeling a certain time period as stasis just makes that time period less important, or belittles what is learned during that time. Lecture 10/2, Assignment 2 Humans and non-human primates differ in the area of language. Evolution has separated our close relative from us; our evolution in comparison seems to have evolved at a faster rate. One example of human’s close primate relatives are bonobos. Studying bonobos, scientists have deduced that they can hear and understand human language, but only certain words that are repeated to them for them to learn throughout time. Although the bonobos can listen and understand human language, compared to human babies there are many differences. The biggest one is because of their vocal tracks. Chimpanzees and other non-human primates cannot hold their breath or control their breathing, so they are unable to talk. The Broca’s area or the language organ is positioned at the left side of the brain. This important area controls language. Studies show that injury to that area, causes one to be unable to speak, and causes problems with comprehension of language and grammar. Although this area is important for human language, it is not the only factor to understand and learn language. There are infants whose Broca’s areas have been removed, or has never been born with it. Although this is true, many of these infants grow and have no problem with comprehending language. What I believe is that these children that have been born without this area, and because of
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course HDP 1 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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HDP assign1-10 - Xuan Duong October 6, 2007 HDP1, Section:...

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