PSY 180 Reading notes 2

PSY 180 Reading notes 2 - Reading notes: Chapters 6, 7, 5,...

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Reading notes: Chapters 6, 7, 5, 12 Chapter 6 - School Comprehensive high school: an educational institution that evolved during the first half of the 20th century, offering varied curriculum No Child Left Behind : mandates that states ensure that all students, regardless of economic circumstances, achieve academic proficiency. o Required schools create and enforce academic standards by annually testing - funding taken away. o some pushing their students to graduate without the skills necessary to succeed in college - social promotion : proactive of promoting students from one grade to the next, regardless of performance - critical thinking : analyzing, evaluating information rather than simply memorizing Students in smalls schools o more active in a wide range of activities, work with others o feel on a "team" more likely to be in positions of leadership Large schools o provide greater material, offer diverse curricula- o but may take on learning and engagement problems Overcrowding o stress on students and teachers, inadequate resources, achievement is lower Transitions in Secondary schools o disruption but temporary, still continue to see a drop in performance for students transitioning into middle school Big fish little pond effect - phenomenon whereby individuals who attend high school with high-achieving peers feel worse about themselves than comparably successful in individuals with lower-achieving peers Public and Private schools o Catholic schools specifically, profits from more orderly environment and greater social capital characterizing the families who use them Social capital: the interpersonal resources available to an adolescent or family School Climate is more important than its organization or structure Effective teachers are like authoritative parents- warm, firm, and fair, and they have high expectations for student performance. To understand the impact of the classroom environment on student achievement, we need to better understand how to enhance student engagement- the extent to which students psychologically committed to learning and mastering the material. Students perform better when:
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course HDP 190 taught by Professor Reese during the Winter '09 term at UCSD.

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PSY 180 Reading notes 2 - Reading notes: Chapters 6, 7, 5,...

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