PSY 180 Final Study Guide

PSY 180 Final Study Guide - PSY 180 Final Study Guide...

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PSY 180 Final Study Guide Identity Consistent of one’s self as unique individual; first restructuring of self due to (phys, cogn, soc) changes “Person who enters adolescence is basically the same as that who exits" able to distinguish selves, traits, and its contradictions Self conceptions : more complex and abstract in adolescence Differentiated self-concept : actual, ideal, feared self False-self behavior : more likely in Dating > Parents> Close friends Less emotional parental support = low self esteem = more likely to engage in false self 5 Factor Model of Personality Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientious, neuroticism, openness to experience Delinquents: score high on extraversion and low on agreeableness and conscientiousness High achiever: score high on conscientiousness and openness to experiences (genetic and environment influences, strong link to childhood traits- early temperament, large predictor of adolescent’s personality) Self esteem : Baseline self-esteem –aspect of self esteem that is relatively stable across situations overtime Barometric self-esteem - self esteem fluctuates across situations During early adolescence, increased volatility in barometric self esteem has high levels of anxiety, tension, psychosomatic symptoms and irritability Level off around 10 th grade Sex differences – boys > girls, but this difference gets smaller overtime SES – high SES = higher self esteem, discrepancy of SES increase overtime Ethnicity – African American girls > white/Hispanic High self esteem, show less decline and depression 1
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PSY 180 Final Study Guide African Americans: benefit from 3 aspects:: supportive feedback from community, focus on strengths, have strong sense of ethnic identity Hispanics: Lower self esteem due to (4) lower levels of authoritative parenting Lower levels of perceived teacher support Weaken sense of ethnic identity Higher levels of family stress Aspects of individuals' sense of identity concerning ancestry or racial group membership unquestioning view of the self being displaced or upset by a crisis that is later resolved, as a more coherent ethnic identity emerges Racial socialization - process through which individuals develop an understanding of their racial or ethnic background; parents attempt to teach child about special experiences Consequences of High Self esteem: related to parental approval, peer support, success in school MMRI- Multidimensional model of racial identity - racial centrality, private regard, public regard adolescents who report experiencing high levels of discrimination suffer psychologically (but vary in extent) Adolescent Identity Crisis (Erikson) Establish a coherent identity is chief crisis (identity vs. identity diffusion) Resolution of crisis – lies in social interactions Social Context Varies by culture (i.e. Females = more career options)
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course PSYC 180 taught by Professor Peter during the Winter '09 term at UCSD.

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PSY 180 Final Study Guide - PSY 180 Final Study Guide...

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