PSY 180 Final Reading Notes

PSY 180 Final Reading Notes - PSY 180 Final Reading Notes...

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PSY 180 Final Reading Notes Chapter 8 - Identity self conceptions: traits used to describe themselves self esteem: positive and negative view self identity: secure about who they are and who they are becoming false-self behavior: behavior that intentionally a false impression to others 5 Factor Model (Personality) extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience stability of personality overtime causes: genetics, environment, temperament, behavioral- rewarded gradual, not a quick change “Person who enters adolescence is basically the same as that who exits" able to distinguish selves, traits, and its contradictions Self-esteem Barometric self-esteem: aspect of self esteem that fluctuates across situations Baseline self-esteem: aspect of self esteem relatively stable across situations over time sex differences: girls - lower self esteem, higher self consciousness, shakier self image sex diffs grow smaller in adolescence Social Class - self esteem of higher classes, grow older with age Males, African Americans, and high social class = higher self esteem Influences of self esteem - only half the time leads to distress and depression Problems in Identity Identity crisis- coming into terms with who one is and where one is headed, to resolve this needs a psychosocial moratorium (period where you are free from excessive obligations) in order to engage in exploration and experimentation Identity diffusion- disjointed, incomplete sense of self characteristic of not having resolved the crisis of identity identity foreclosure- premature establishment of a sense of identity, before sufficient role experimentation negative identity-selection of an identity that is obviously undesirable (to others in your life) problems in identity development can result when individual has not resolved earlier crises, or when is in an environment that doesn't provide psychosocial moratorium major development in identity occur in late adolescence and young adulthood Ethnic identity - aspects of individuals' sense of identity concerning ancestry or racial group membership unquestioning view of the self being displaced or upset by a crisis that is later resolved, as a more coherent ethnic identity emerges Racial socialization - process through which individuals develop an understanding of their racial or ethnic background parents attempt to teach child about special experiences 1
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MMRI- Multidimensional model of racial identity - racial centrality, private regard, public regard adolescents who report experiencing high levels of discrimination suffer
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PSY 180 Final Reading Notes - PSY 180 Final Reading Notes...

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