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Unformatted text preview: Overview Associated Features Stats Treatments Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-Excessive uncontrollable anxious apprehension and worry-Lasts 6 months or more-Somatic symptoms differ from panic (muscle tension, fatigue, irritability)-4% prevalence-one of most common-Females 2:1-Insidious onset in early adulthood-Tends to run in families-Chronic-Benzodiazepines : *Modest Help--Cognitive effects--Highly addictive * Valium, Xanax-Psychological Interventions--Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy *helps w/strategies for routines in daily life Panic Disorders w/ and w/o Agoraphobia-Unexpected panic attack-Develop anxiety, worry or fear about having another attack or its implications that persist for 1 month or more Agoraphobia : fear or avoidance of situations/events associated with panic-Noctural panic attacks-60% experience panic during non-REM sleep-Interoceptive/ exteroceptive avoidance, catastrophic misinterpretation of symptoms-3.5% prevalence-Females 2:1-Onset is often acute, beginning ages 25-29 Medication:--Target serotonergive, noradrenergic, benzodiazepine GABA systems--SSRIs (Prozac, Paxil) -prefer.--Relapse rates high Psychological:-CBT highly effective ( PCT )**-combined treatments do well in the short term-Best is CBT alone * attribute meds to control!...
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- Winter '08