PSY 163 Final SG

PSY 163 Final SG - PSY 163 Final Study Guide Sexual and...

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PSY 163 Final Study Guide Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Characteristics of Sex and Gender: Male and Female, Masculine and Feminine XX / XY -chromosomes Estrogens / Androgens -hormones Vagina / Penis -anatomical Ovaries / Testes –gonad Gender: psychosocial meaning of maleness or femaleness Gender identity: psychological sense of being male of female Gender role: cultural norms for being male or female Nature and Nurture John/Joan – circumcision mishap, one twin had sex reassignment surgery, raised as female, given hormonal replacement therapy in teens, was used as case for environmental influences being strong enough to develop appropriate gender identity, miserable, suicidal when found out. Sex reassigned, married a woman, adopter her children, committed suicide, nurture isn’t enough. What is “Normal”? Males – masturbation, premarital sex attitudes, number of sex partners, homosexuality Females – love and intimacy, homosexuality, negative core beliefs Pornography study: both showed levels of arousal, women more inhibited about sex bx Masturbation differences? Women taught to associate sex with romance and emotional intimacy Men interested in physical gratification, and because erections = easier! Peplau: Men > Women, show more sexual desire and arousal Women > Men, committed relationships as context of sex 1
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PSY 163 Final Study Guide Men’s sexual self concept: power, independence, aggression Women’s sexual beliefs: ‘plastic’ –easily shaped by culture, social and situational factors Cultural Differences Zambia, New Guinea – rite of passage of males to ingest semen while oral sex with male Sexual Orientation IS NOT – by default, by seduction, by contagion (around someone), dependent on parents IS – genetic (twins 20-50%), hormonal, structural (brain- hypothalamus smaller in women and gay men), Gene- Environment interaction Gene-Environment Interaction Bem’s Exotic Becomes Erotic Everyone born genetically with certain temperament (Females- calming, care, Males-assertive, dominant) Rough and tumble boys hang out with each other and vice versa Some males born with females’ emotional temperament and vice versa Puberty hits = ‘erotic’ body reacts to ‘exotic’ group (the different group) Gender Identity Disorder (Transsexualism) DSM 4 criteria: Strong persistent cross gender identification Persistent discomfort with his/her own sex or sense of inappropriateness of gender role Preoccupation with getting rid of primary and secondary sex characteristics, believes born with wrong sex (6 months) Rare, more common in males, no physical abnormalities, different than transvestic fetishism, goal is to live life as opposite gender and not sexual, independent of orientation, causes are unknown Treatment: Sex Reassignment Surgery 2
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PSY 163 Final SG - PSY 163 Final Study Guide Sexual and...

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