{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

PSYC 101_studyguide2

PSYC 101_studyguide2 - PSYC 101 Study Guide[5 areas Midterm...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSYC 101- Study Guide [5 areas] Midterm 2 1. Development of Language and Symbol Use a. Generativity: use finite set of words to make infinite set of meanings i. Phonological Development: phonemes, units of sound ii. Semantic Development: morphemes, smallest unit of meaning iii. Syntactic Development: grammar, syntax iv. Pragmatic Development: understand variety, conventions v. Infant Directed Talk: warm, affectionate, high pitch. extreme intonation, slower speech vi. Prosody: cadence, melody, tempo with which language is spoken b. Social Interactions i. Intersubjectivity: sharing of a common focus of attention by 2 or more people ii. Joint attention: looking and reacting to the same thing, same referent iii. Overextension: use word in a broader context, effort to communicate iv. Whole object assumption: 1. Children to expect a novel word to refer to a whole object, not a part v. Mutual exclusivity assumption 1. Children to expect that a given entity will have only one anme vi. Syntactic bootstrapping vii. Overregulation: speech errors in which children treat irregular forms of words as if they were regular eg. “breaked” viii. Dual representation: understand something as real object and symbol eg. map c. Theories of Language Development i. Nativist View 1. Universal grammar that is innate and common to all languages 2. Modularity hypothesis: brain contains language module 3. Evidence: universal and species-specific nature 4. Critique: focuses on syntax and ignores communicative role ii. Interactionist View 1. Everything of lang. dev. is influenced by its communicative function iii. Connectionist View 1. Language dev. result of gradual strengthening of connections in neural network 2. Conceptual Development a. Concepts- general ideas or understandings that can be used to group other things b.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern