HDP 122-cheat

HDP 122-cheat - HDP 122-cheat sheet Emotions also includes the following a Physiological Aspect Identifiable physiological reactions heart rate b

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HDP 122-cheat sheet Emotions also includes the following: a. Physiological Aspect- Identifiable physiological reactions, heart rate. b. Cognitive Aspect- What emotion we feel in any given situation, umbrella c. Communicative function- Others can become aware of our internal states, facial expression. d. Action aspect- How we act depends on what we make of the experience, good news= cry/laugh 2. Newborns experience only 2 general emotions: a. Contentment/excitement (positive), Distress (negative) b. Joy form content-> 3 months / Anger from distress->4 months / Fear from distress-> 6 months 3. Discrete Emotion Theory- Most basic human emotions are “inborn products of our evolutionary history” and have adaptive value, emphasis on the influence of biology/hereditary/genetics, biologically “programmed” emotions appear at or soon after birth 4. Primary emotions- Earlier (by 2 months): Interest, distress, disgust, contentment. Later (2-7): Anger sadness, joy, surprise, fear. Secondary Emotions - “Self-conscious emotions,” embarrassment is simplest: Requires self-recognition(mirror/photo), and understanding of societal rules and standards- Shame, guilt, pride. 1. Social referencing- Emerges~ 7-10 mos. 2. Labeling Others’ Emotions- before 3, “happy” bias. By 3, “happy” as label for positive emotions, but is over- generalized, by 3-ish, “sad” as label for negative but also over-generalized a. Cued - 3year olds are bad at this (rabbit-sad), 80% of 4 yr olds understanding cueing 3. Regulate Emotions- requires emotional self-recognition trying to change your emotion 4. Emotion display rules what’s appropriate to display [e.g. bad xmas gift] Temperament 1. Chess and Thomas (1982)- 9 behavioral traits, Parent report, teacher interviews and child testing a. Classified children into 3 broad categories: Easy babies : playful, regular in biological functions, adapt readily to new circumstances. Difficult babies: are irregular in biological functions, irritable, often respond intensely and negative to new situations. Slow-to-warm-up babies : Are low in activity level, and their responses to anything are typically mild. They tend to withdraw from new situations at first. Attachment 1. Asocial phase- Birth-6 weeks , in close contact with caregivers , don’t seem to realize or notice when caregiver is present or gone. Phase of indiscriminant attachments: 6 weeks- 6 to 8 months , respond differently to familiar and unfamiliar people , by 7 months, start to show wariness when confronted with unfamiliar objects or people. Specific Attachment Phase: 6-8 months – 18 to24 months , separation/stranger anxiety, mom base to explore .Phase of multiple attachments: 18-24 months and up . more mobile, more and more time away from mom , a ttachments with other become stranger 2. Child-caregiver Attachment a. 4 signs: seek to be near, show distress if separated, happy when reunited, orient actions to mom. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course HDP 122 taught by Professor Stevens during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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HDP 122-cheat - HDP 122-cheat sheet Emotions also includes the following a Physiological Aspect Identifiable physiological reactions heart rate b

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