HDP 122-cheat sheet
also includes the following:
Physiological Aspect- Identifiable physiological reactions, heart rate.
Cognitive Aspect- What emotion we feel in any given situation, umbrella
Communicative function- Others can become aware of our internal states, facial expression.
Action aspect- How we act depends on what we make of the experience, good news= cry/laugh
Newborns experience only 2 general emotions:
Contentment/excitement (positive), Distress (negative)
Joy form content-> 3 months / Anger from distress->4 months / Fear from distress-> 6 months
Discrete Emotion Theory- Most basic human emotions are “inborn products of our evolutionary history” and
have adaptive value, emphasis on the influence of biology/hereditary/genetics, biologically “programmed”
emotions appear at or soon after birth
Primary emotions- Earlier (by 2 months): Interest, distress, disgust, contentment. Later (2-7): Anger sadness,
joy, surprise, fear.
- “Self-conscious emotions,” embarrassment is simplest: Requires self-recognition(mirror/photo),
and understanding of societal rules and standards- Shame, guilt, pride.
Social referencing- Emerges~ 7-10 mos.
Labeling Others’ Emotions- before 3, “happy” bias. By 3, “happy” as label for positive emotions, but is over-
generalized, by 3-ish, “sad” as label for negative but also over-generalized
- 3year olds are bad at this (rabbit-sad), 80% of 4 yr olds understanding cueing
Regulate Emotions- requires emotional self-recognition
trying to change your emotion
Emotion display rules
what’s appropriate to display [e.g. bad xmas gift]
Chess and Thomas (1982)- 9 behavioral traits, Parent report, teacher interviews and child testing
Classified children into 3 broad categories:
: playful, regular in biological functions, adapt
readily to new circumstances.
are irregular in biological functions, irritable, often respond
intensely and negative to new situations.
: Are low in activity level, and their
responses to anything are typically mild. They tend to withdraw from new situations at first.
in close contact with caregivers
don’t seem to realize or notice when caregiver
is present or gone.
Phase of indiscriminant attachments:
6 weeks- 6 to 8 months
respond differently to
familiar and unfamiliar people
by 7 months, start to show wariness when confronted with unfamiliar objects or
Specific Attachment Phase:
6-8 months – 18 to24 months
separation/stranger anxiety, mom base
.Phase of multiple attachments:
18-24 months and up
more mobile, more and more time away
ttachments with other become stranger
4 signs: seek to be near, show distress if separated, happy when reunited, orient actions to mom.