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Public Policy Exam Two Review

Public Policy Exam Two Review - inequities Liberal thought...

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Connor Scribner Public Policy Exam Two Review Chapter 9: Education Policy The pluralistic nature of American society produces disagreement over the basic values that guide education policy. Much of this conflict can be traced to two opposing traditions within education theory, conservative and liberal thought. Conservative thought ties personal development to an emphasis on individual initiative and responsibility. Conservatives emphasize the responsibility of the family, state government, local school boards, and private institutions, such as the church, as the appropriate structures for determining education policy. Liberal/Progressive thoughts reflect a conviction that government has an obligation to compensate for individual deprivation resulting from social
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Unformatted text preview: inequities. Liberal thought underscores the federal government’s role in promoting equality in other policy areas, such as civil rights. These two traditions have generated cross-pressures and conflicting goals in American education policy. Two principles direct education policy in the United States: 1. Education should be free and universal 2. Control over education should be centered on the local level The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 provided federal funding to local public schools. • Under the concept that ESEA gave aid to children but not to local public schools, the law authorized funds to parochial schools for the purchase of nonreligious textbooks and library materials, but excluded teachers’ salaries....
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