Review for Final Exam - History Final Review Fourteenth...

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History Final Review Fourteenth Amendment (July 9, 1868) – The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution was one of the amendments enacted after the Civil War. This amendment was one of the Reconstruction Amendments, along with the Thirteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. The amendment provides a broad definition of citizenship, overruling Dred Scott v Sandford (1857), which had excluded slaves and their descendants from possessing Constitutional rights. The amendment requires states to provide equal protection under the law to all people within their jurisdictions and was used in the mid-20 th century to dismantle racial segregation in the United States, as in Brown v Board of Education (1954). Its due process clause has been used to apply most of the Bill of Rights to the states. This clause has also been Fifteenth Amendment (February 3 rd , 1870) – The fifteenth amendment was the third of the reconstruction amendments. This amendment prohibits the states and the federal government from using a citizen’s race, color or previous status as a slave as a voting qualification. Secession – Confiscation – Emancipation – President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation on September 22 nd , 1962, freeing the slaves of in areas under confederate control as of January 1 st , 1863, the date of the final proclamation, which also authorized the enrollment of black soldiers into the Union army. Conscription – Contraband – Missouri Compromise – Compromise of 1850 – Reconstruction – Sharecropping – Lewis Cass – Cass was an American military officer and politician. During hi long political career, Cass served as a governor of the Michigan Territory, an American ambassador, and a U.S. Senator representing Michigan. He was the nominee of the Democratic Party for President of the United States in 1848. Harriet Beecher Stowe – Stowe was an American abolitionist and author. Stowe’s novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” depicted life for African-Americans under slavery; Her novel made the political issues of the 1850s regarding slavery tangible to millions,
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energizing anti-slavery forces in the American North, while provoking widespread anger in the South.
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