Exam Two Review - Connor Scribner U.S History Exam Two...

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Connor Scribner U.S. History Exam Two Review Study Questions 1. Cohen notes in his introduction that Franklin D. Roosevelt often gets full credit for the landmark programs of his famous first hundred days in office. Nothing to Fear attempts to correct that reputation. What “philosophy” lay behind FDR’s actions? Fiscal-conservative. The only thing to fear is fear itself. Action, and action now. What were FDR’s strengths as a President? Great communicator, strong and compelling leader, acts very quickly. What were his weaknesses? Sometimes he leaned on his cabinet too much. On what basis did he choose his Cabinet and his advisors? The Cabinet was made up of people who had been FDR's loyal supporters long before Chicago. They were familiar with the way he worked. Roosevelt seemed, therefore, to be preparing for drastic action by assembling a group of advisers around him who would support him without question. FDR was not an expert at the issues he was faced with in his first 100 days. Also, the five different players in the New Deal brought different opinions and beliefs to the table so FDR could make the best choice possible. How did he make his decisions? He relied heavily on his advisors, and preferred when they had conflicting views, so that he could choose the best option among them. To what degree was he responsible for the shape and content of the New Deal? What New Deal programs did FDR favor? Prohibition Which one did he originate himself? Emergency Banking Act Which ones did he actually oppose, at least at the beginning? Deposit Insurance and the Bonus Bill. In FDR’s first 100 days in office he:
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Connor Scribner 1. Passed 15 major laws through congress…”capitalism was saved in eight days”. 2. New agencies (AAA, CCC, TVA…etc.) 3. 450,000 people wrote to him in the White House 4. Promised to respond to depression with bold action. Identifications Plessy v Ferguson: court case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Poll tax: The poll tax has been connected with voting rights. Poll taxes enacted in Southern states between 1889 and 1910 had the effect of disenfranchising many blacks as well as poor whites, because payment of the tax was a prerequisite for voting. By the 1940s some of these taxes had been abolished, and in 1964 the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution disallowed the poll tax as a prerequisite for voting in federal elections. Grandfather clause: statutory or constitutional device enacted by seven southern states
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2010 for the course ATRONOMY 2300 taught by Professor Balls during the Spring '10 term at Texas Tech.

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Exam Two Review - Connor Scribner U.S History Exam Two...

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