Notes from Brogan Chapter 26
Changing times have periodically required radical alterations in the organization of
The American Revolution, the Civil War, the Industrial Revolution, the
New Deal, and World War II.
The toils of the Cold War, though inevitable and justified by results, did to a large extent
distort the natural evolution of American society, and exacted some monstrous sacrifices
which will not be forgotten for a long time and may never be wholly made good.
In 1961 Soviet Russia and Red China were perceived as a United threat to the peace of
the world and the liberty of the United States, and were likened to the German danger of
the first half of the century.
Ho Chi Minh –
Kellogg-Briand pact –
The Truman Administration believed that the USSR was constantly probing the West’s
will, and would, wherever it detected weakness, mount an offensive.
John Foster Dulles –
Geneva Accords (1954) – The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into two parts; north
and south. Anti-communist Vietnamese fled south, communists fled north.
South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) – John Foster Dulles set up on the model
of NATO. The members besides the US were Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand,
Pakistan, Thailand, and the Philippines: they pledged themselves to defend each other
against any attack, which might have embarrassed them if SEATO had ever amounted to
Ngo Dinh Diem –
Chiang Kai Shek –
Counterculture – In the United States, the counterculture of the 1960s became identified
with the rejection of conventional social norms of the 1950s. Counterculture youth
rejected the cultural standards of their parents, especially with respect to racial
segregation and initial widespread support for the Vietnam War (hippies).
Civil Rights Act of 1964 – landmark piece of legislature in the US that extended voting
rights and outlawed racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that
served the general public.
Prohibits discrimination of employees on the basis of their
race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.