MTislspa - Research owned and published globally by The...

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Research owned and published globally by The Paper Store, Inc. Page 1 1-800-90-WRITE HISTORY OF ISLAM IN SPAIN Research Compiled for The Paper Store, Inc. by Amy Sorter 04/2002 For More Information on This Paper, Please Visit Introduction When one mentions the country of Spain and its history, the first thing that might come to mind is “Catholicism” and “Christopher Columbus.” It is true that from the 15 th century on, Spain was undeniably a Catholic country, having been made so by the rulership of the Castilian house of royalty. However, much of Spain’s history is one of integration and conquering, one in which culture after culture provided layers that helped form Spanish art, songs and dance that survive to this day. Overall history From the very start, Spain seems to have been a country that was ripe for the overrunning. For example, in 409 BCE, Spain was conquered by Germanic invaders, then Suevi, then Vandals then Visigoths (Spain, 1993). Following this group of invaders came the Franks (Spain, 1993). The Germanic Visigoths conquered again during the 7 th century then, in 711, a Muslim Berber army under the control of Tarik ibn Ziyad crossed the Strait of Gibraltar into Spain, defeated Roderick, the last Visigoth king, and took over the country (Spain, 1993). The Berber conquerors were termed the “Moors,” and they soon conquered the entire peninsula except for Asturias and the Basque country (Spain, 1993). Cordoba then became capital of the Muslim emir, who governed in the name of the Baghdad ruler (Spain, 1993). In 756, Abd ar-Rahman I established an emirate independent from Arab roots, thus making Spain a Muslim country, but without the interference of Muslim rule from afar (Spain, 1993). One cannot, however, blame the Muslims for conquering Spain or setting its sites on this unusual parcel of land (Hughes, 1992). When they gazed over the Straight of Gibraltar, they saw Christians, Jews and Visigoths, all squabbling with one another, and saw a land that was ripe for conquest No Portion of This Document May be Reproduced Without Proper Attribution to The Paper Store as a Source
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Research owned and published globally by The Paper Store, Inc. Page 2 1-800-90-WRITE (Hughes, 1992). In invading the land, they didn’t bring Arab women with them, instead, they intermarried with Iberians, helping to create an indigenous, some might say, a harmonious, society (Hughes, 1992). Out of the conquer came the first unified culture that Spain had experienced since the collapse of the Roman Empire some five centuries earlier (Hughes, 1992). For the next century and a half, Muslim and Islam influence and culture would rule Spain in all but the northernmost portion of the country, Asturias and the Basque country (Spain, 1993). Still, the Moors remained a strong entity in Spain until driven out during the 15 th century by the reign of Ferdinand V and Isabella I, who jointly drove the Moors and Jews out of the country if they would not forcibly be converted to Catholicism (Spain, 1993). It’s ironic to reflect that, in this day and age, with so much hatred between
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2010 for the course ENGL 300m taught by Professor Signoretti during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Hunter.

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MTislspa - Research owned and published globally by The...

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