9-21-09 - Upbeat is the final return of the arm to the...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Music Notes - SEPT 21, 2009 beat - the "pulse" of music tempo - speed of the beat allegro - fast andante - walking pace largo - extremely slow metronome - device used to mark the beats of different tempos. music can have a steady beat. And the beat can fluctuate. Ritardando: when the tempo gradually becomes slower. (found more often in music. often found at the end of a piece.) Accelerando: when the tempo gradually becomes faster. Rubato: tempo both accelerates and retards. Organization of beats: In music, beats can be grouped and can fall into patterns. These beat patterns group themselves into Music can contain STRESSED beats and UNSTRESSED beats. strongest stressed beat => "downbeat" How to determine the meter: 1. identify the downbeat (strongest) and then count the beats. 2. conduct the beats: Downbeat is the initial beat marked by the movement of the arm going down in conducting.
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Unformatted text preview: Upbeat is the final return of the arm to the starting position at the end of a conducting pattern. This is an unstressed beat.----Simple Duple Meter: Pattern - 2 beats -> 1 downbeat + 1 unaccented beat(upbeat) Simple Triple Meter: (aka waltz meter) Pattern -3 beats 1 downbeat + 1 unaccented beat + 1 upbeat Simple Quadruple Meter: Pattern - 4 beats -> beat 1 is the primary acent (downbeat), beat 3 is the secondary accent.----Time Signature: consists of 2 numbers, one above the other. it is NOT a fraction. The top # tells how many beats per measure Measure: formed by bars that are used to separate beat patterns. Sheet1 Page 2 Time signatures - simple meter: simple duple 2 4 simple triple 3 4 simple quadruple 4 4 quarter note = 1 beat half note = 2 beats whole note = 4 beats...
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