ch9 - Learning Chapter 9 Behaviorism Promoted by John B....

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Chapter 9 Behaviorism Promoted by John B. Watson View that psychology should be an objective science study behavior not mental processes Learning Learning . adaptability ability to learn and change Associative Learning either two stimuli or a response and its consequences Learning Defned Learning to associate two events Event 1 Event 2 Sea snail associates splash with a tail shock Seal learns to expect a snack for its show-off behavior Association 1. Classical Conditioning 2. Operant Conditioning Two Kinds of Associative Learning We learn to associate two stimuli Two related events: Lightning Stimulus 1 Thunder Stimulus 2 Result after repetition We see lightning Stimulus We wince anticipating thunder Response Classical Conditioning We learn to associate a response and its consequence Response: Pushing vending machine button Consequence:Receiving a candy bar Operant Conditioning Ivan Pavlov 1849-1936 Russian physician/ neurophysiologist studied digestive secretions developed the idea of Classical Conditioning Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Pavlovs device for recording salivation Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning organism reacts to stimulus with a refex e.g., loud noise finch (refex) then, a neutral stimulus is paired with a stimulus that evokes the refex e.g., liFt hand loud noise finch organism associates two stimuli examples: liFt hand and noise; lightning and thunder; tone and Food neutral stimulus eventually comes to evoke the refex ( liFt hand finch) Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning UCS (food in mouth) Neutral stimulus (tone) No salivation UCR (salivation) Neutral...
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ch9 - Learning Chapter 9 Behaviorism Promoted by John B....

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