ch 2 - Personality Chapter 2 • A set of characteristics...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Chapter 2 • A set of characteristics, emotional responses, thoughts, and behaviors • What is Personality? 1. Psychodynamic- • role of unconscious in personality 2. Trait- • extent to which individuals personalities differ from one another 3. Social-Cognitive- • interactions between persons on their environments 4. Humanistic- • role of personal experiences and personal growth Four Theories of Personality • Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) • frst theory o¡ personality • personality is primarily driven by unconscious ¡orces The Psychodynamic Theory Conscious— Acute awareness Preconscious— Just under awareness; easily known Unconscious— Well below awareness; Difficult to know but very influential Superego Consciousness Id Ego Freud’s Structure of Personality • Id- completely unconscious or “submerged” • Immediate gratifcation oF needs to reduce tension & discomFort regardless oF consequences • Superego- centered in the preconscious • In¡uenced by internalizing our parents’ values & the voice oF society • Works against the Id by in¡icting guilt How the iceberg works • Ego- partly conscious and unconscious • Assesses what is realistically possible in satisfying the Id and/or Superego • Ego uses defense mechanisms to protect itself • Personality is result of the battle for control between id, ego & superego How the iceberg works (cont.) Confict between the id and superego • Results in anxiety • Ego copes with anxiety by employing deFense mechanisms • unconscious mental strategies • deny or distort reality • Denial • Repression • Rationalization • Concocting a seemingly logical reason or excuse for a behavior that would otherwise be shameful or innapropiate Defense Mechanisms • Projection • attributing unacceptable qualities of the self to someone else • Displacement • Direct emotions towards things, animals, or others that are not the real objects of their feelings • Sublimation- Defense Mechanisms • Reaction formation • Exaggerated love for someone you unconsciously...
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ch 2 - Personality Chapter 2 • A set of characteristics...

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