ch 2 - Personality Chapter 2 A set of characteristics,...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Chapter 2 A set of characteristics, emotional responses, thoughts, and behaviors What is Personality? 1. Psychodynamic- role of unconscious in personality 2. Trait- extent to which individuals personalities differ from one another 3. Social-Cognitive- interactions between persons on their environments 4. Humanistic- role of personal experiences and personal growth Four Theories of Personality Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) frst theory o personality personality is primarily driven by unconscious orces The Psychodynamic Theory Conscious Acute awareness Preconscious Just under awareness; easily known Unconscious Well below awareness; Difficult to know but very influential Superego Consciousness Id Ego Freuds Structure of Personality Id- completely unconscious or submerged Immediate gratifcation oF needs to reduce tension & discomFort regardless oF consequences Superego- centered in the preconscious Inuenced by internalizing our parents values & the voice oF society Works against the Id by inicting guilt How the iceberg works Ego- partly conscious and unconscious Assesses what is realistically possible in satisfying the Id and/or Superego Ego uses defense mechanisms to protect itself Personality is result of the battle for control between id, ego & superego How the iceberg works (cont.) Confict between the id and superego Results in anxiety Ego copes with anxiety by employing deFense mechanisms unconscious mental strategies deny or distort reality Denial Repression Rationalization Concocting a seemingly logical reason or excuse for a behavior that would otherwise be shameful or innapropiate Defense Mechanisms Projection attributing unacceptable qualities of the self to someone else Displacement Direct emotions towards things, animals, or others that are not the real objects of their feelings Sublimation- Defense Mechanisms Reaction formation Exaggerated love for someone you unconsciously...
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ch 2 - Personality Chapter 2 A set of characteristics,...

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