ch 7 - Thinking and Intelligence Chapter 7 Thought Using...

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Thinking and Intelligence Chapter 7
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Thought: Using What We Know The Elements of Cognition How Conscious Is Thought?
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The Elements of Cognition Concept : Mental category that groups objects, relations, activities, abstractions, or qualities having common properties. Proposition : A unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a single idea. Mental Image : Representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents. Cognitive Schema : An integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic or aspect of the world.
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Concepts building blocks of thought . if we understand the concept of a dog we don’t have to remember things like every dog has four legs, barks, etc. How do we classify concepts?
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Classification models Defining attribution model (1950’s) . must possess all to be part of the concept e.x. furniture used for sitting is classified as a chair
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Classification models definitions of concepts more fuzzy in reality that the defining attribution models would suggest not all features are of equal importance e.x. having four legs may be less important than being able to sit on it
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Classification models Prototype model is more in line with the way we process information we categorize based on defined attributes but not all category members are equal some are more prototypical of the concept Prototype -
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Classification models Prototype model dogs have fur, four legs, and bark
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The Elements of Cognition Concept : Mental category that groups objects, relations, activities, abstractions, or qualities having common properties. Proposition : A unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a single idea. Mental Image : Representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents. Cognitive Schema : An integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic or aspect of the world.
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Mental images mental representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents . like perceptions without the actual sensations replaying a favorite song in your head picturing something
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Mental images
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How Conscious is Thought? Subconscious Processes : Mental processes occurring outside of conscious awareness but accessible to consciousness when necessary.
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