ch 8 - Memory Chapter 8 Memory the capacity to retain and...

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Memory Chapter 8
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the capacity to retain and retrieve information the structures that account for this capacity Memory
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The Manufacture of Memory The Fading Flashbulb The Conditions of Confabulation Reconstructing the Past
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Memory is selective. Recovering a memory is not playing a videotape . We are often unaware we have made such inferences. Source Amnesia : The inability to distinguish what you originally experienced from what you heard or were told later about an event. The Manufacture of Memory
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Flashbulb memories - often of shocking or traumatic events adaptive value Even flashbulb memories are often embellished or distorted and tend to become less accurate over time. The Fading Flashbulb
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Confabulation : or a belief that you remember something when it never actually happened. The Conditions of Confabulation
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you have thought about the event many times the image of the event contains many details real events =more detail “remembering” more details may persuade you that the memory is real the event is easy to imagine less effort to imagine = more likely real Confabulation likely when
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. emotional reactions resemble those that would have occurred in real event Confabulation likely when
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The Eyewitness on Trial Children’s Testimony Memory Under Hypnosis Memory and the Power of Suggestion
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The reconstructive nature of memory makes memory vulnerable to suggestion. Eyewitness testimony is especially vulnerable to error when: the suspects ethnicity differs from that of the witness; . when the witnesses are given misleading information. The Eyewitness on Trial
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Subjects viewed short film showing car collision How fast were cars going when they “XX” each other contacted- 31.8 mph hit- 34 mph bumped- 38.1 mph collided- 39.3 mph smashed- 40.8 mph The Eyewitness on Trial
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Misleading information from other sources can alter what witnesses report.
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ch 8 - Memory Chapter 8 Memory the capacity to retain and...

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