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ch 10 - Behavior in Social and Cultural Context Chapter 10...

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Behavior in Social and Cultural Context Chapter 10
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Social and Cultural Psychology Social Psychology - how social rules, attitudes, relationships, and groups influence people to do things they would not necessarily do on their own Cultural Psychology -
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Roles and Rules Social norms - enforced by punishment and reward may be laws, unspoken understandings, unconscious Social roles - gender, occupational, family roles when we violate these we feel uncomfortable or are made to feel so
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Milgram’s obedience study obedience to authority figures even when it violates our own ethical standards “learner” and “teacher” participants learner receives shocks for incorrect answers, 0-450 V but learner is a confederate Prior to experiment- only 1 in 1000 would deliver the high level shock 2/3 actually obeyed to the fullest extent
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Milgram’s obedience study virtually nothing the learner did changed the likelihood of compliance by the teacher What did lower compliance . when learner was in same room when person in charge was deemed not to be an authority figure (ordinary person) .
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Stanford Prison Study College students assigned the roles of prisoner or guard in a mock prison 2 weeks prisoners became distressed, helpless, and panicky, and some had to be taken out but none asked to quit many of the guards also became harsh and abusive experiment called off in 6 days
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Stanford Prison Study powerful example of how social situation affects behavior students behaved in ways they normally would not may not have been an effect of the role being played, but rather obedience Zimbardo’s instructions
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Why we obey some compliance with rules has benefits for all in society consequences, benefits, authority's legitimacy but why obey when we would rather not?
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