ch 14 - The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and...

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Unformatted text preview: The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and Work Chapter 14 The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and Work • The Social Animal: Motives for Love • The Erotic Animal: Motives for Sex • The Hungry Animal: Motives for Food • The Competent Animal: Motives to Achieve • When Motives Con¡ict Motivation • An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation. • Intrinsic motivation- • Extrinsic motivation- Motives for Love • Need for afFliation- one of the deepest and most universal motives • survival often depends on afFliations • Predictors of who we fall in love with • proximity- • similarity- How do we love? • passionate love- turmoil of intense emotions and sexual tension. • crushes, infatuations, love at Frst sight, early stages of love affairs How do we love? • companionate love- characterized by affection and trust Triangle Theory of Love • Robert Sternberg (1997) • Varieties of love occur because of differing combinations of three elements • intimacy- feeling close to and understood by loved one • passion- euphoria and sexual excitement • commitment- long-term loyalty Commitment Passion Intimacy Attachment theory of love • Phillip Shaver & Cindy Hazan • Adults in relationships have three types of attachments to each other 1. Secure- 3. Avoidant- 4. Anxious-ambivalent- always agitated about their relationships, they seek intimacy but worry about abandonment; “clingy” Attachment theory of love • Attachment styles are acquired in large part from how your parents cared for you • Secure- • Anxious-ambivalent- ambivalence towards parents, parents are both kind and harsh • Avoidant- • styles can change, avoidant is hardest to change Gender, Culture, and Love • No evidence that one sex loves more than the other • in terms of love at Frst sight, passionate love, or companionate love • Men and women do differ in how they express love • these differences are in¡uenced by gender role expectations • Ex. showing emotion is not masculine • Gender differences are changing as women’s and men’s roles change The Erotic Animal: Motives for Sex • The Biology of Desire • The Psychology of Desire • The Culture of Desire • The Riddle of Sexual Orientation The Biology of Desire • Hormones and Sexual Response • Testosterone • Testosterone’s role is a two way street- T contributes to sexual arousal and sexual stimulation also produces higher levels of T • but... The Biology of Desire • Arousal and Orgasm • Modern research has dispelled many erroneous beliefs • Freud believed that clitoral orgasms were childish and vaginal orgasms were mature; many believed that “good” women do not have orgasms • Kinsey pointed out that males and females are very much alike in their anatomy and physiology • The Biology of Desire...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2010 for the course PSC 1 taught by Professor Prokosch during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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ch 14 - The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and...

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