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ch 14 - The Major Motives of Life Love Sex Food and Work...

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The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and Work Chapter 14
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The Major Motives of Life: Love, Sex, Food, and Work The Social Animal: Motives for Love The Erotic Animal: Motives for Sex The Hungry Animal: Motives for Food The Competent Animal: Motives to Achieve When Motives Conflict
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Motivation An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation. Intrinsic motivation - Extrinsic motivation -
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Motives for Love Need for affiliation - one of the deepest and most universal motives survival often depends on affiliations Predictors of who we fall in love with proximity - similarity -
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How do we love? passionate love - turmoil of intense emotions and sexual tension. crushes, infatuations, love at first sight, early stages of love affairs
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How do we love? companionate love - characterized by affection and trust
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Triangle Theory of Love Robert Sternberg (1997) Varieties of love occur because of differing combinations of three elements intimacy- feeling close to and understood by loved one passion- euphoria and sexual excitement commitment- long-term loyalty Commitment Passion Intimacy
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Attachment theory of love Phillip Shaver & Cindy Hazan Adults in relationships have three types of attachments to each other 1. Secure - 3. Avoidant - 4. Anxious-ambivalent - always agitated about their relationships, they seek intimacy but worry about abandonment; “clingy”
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Attachment theory of love Attachment styles are acquired in large part from how your parents cared for you Secure - Anxious-ambivalent - ambivalence towards parents, parents are both kind and harsh Avoidant - styles can change, avoidant is hardest to change
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Gender, Culture, and Love No evidence that one sex loves more than the other in terms of love at first sight, passionate love, or companionate love Men and women do differ in how they express love these differences are influenced by gender role expectations Ex. showing emotion is not masculine Gender differences are changing as women’s and men’s roles change
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The Erotic Animal: Motives for Sex The Biology of Desire The Psychology of Desire The Culture of Desire The Riddle of Sexual Orientation
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The Biology of Desire Hormones and Sexual Response Testosterone Testosterone’s role is a two way street- T contributes to sexual arousal and sexual stimulation also produces higher levels of T but...
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The Biology of Desire Arousal and Orgasm Modern research has dispelled many erroneous beliefs Freud believed that clitoral orgasms were childish and vaginal orgasms were mature; many believed that “good” women do not have orgasms Kinsey pointed out that males and females are very much alike in their anatomy and physiology
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