lec 1 - General Psychology PSC 1(4 Aaron Rundus Syllabus...

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General Psychology PSC 1(4) Aaron Rundus
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Syllabus
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What is Psychology/ Psychological Methods Lectures 1 & 2
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What is Psychology?
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What is Psychology? The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are effected by an organisms physical state, mental state and external environment Behavior- anything an organism does observable Mental processes- internal subjective experiences
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What do Psychologists do? Basic research Applied psychology- application of basic research I/O psychologists Psychological practitioners counseling psychologists, school psychologists clinical psychologists psychiatrists
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Psychology is a relatively young field only a few centuries old Has its roots in philosophy and physiology Philosophers like Socrates and Plato (450 BC) wrote about aspects of human nature e.g. pleasure, pain, desire, imagination speculated about motivations like good/evil not empirical History of Psychology
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Science of Psychology- roots in physiology and medicine Gustov Fechner (1800’s) Psychophysics – he pushed to investigate the relationship between the physical world and our psychological world JND- just noticeable difference History of Psychology
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Two additional developments in the 1800’s Emil Kraeplin - German doctor linked mental illness to physical illness Jean Charcot - French doctor patients suffering from certain disorders helped through hypnosis furthered the link between mental and physical world History of Psychology
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Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) First laboratory for the study of the mind (1879) often credited as the birthplace of modern psychology Examined sensation, perception, attention History of Psychology
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Structuralism Titchener (1867-1927)- student of Wundt’s hoped to analyze sensations, images, and feelings into basic elements, (the structure of consciousness) Ex. components of taste when biting an orange
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