scientific method

scientific method - Scientic Method So how do we overcome...

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So how do we overcome these biases? acknowledge they exist choose a method not biased by our own subjective experience The Scientific Method Scientific Method
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Goals of Psychological Research Description of behavior Are people who grow up in warm climates different from those in cold climates? Does heat cause higher amounts of aggression? Develop theories about why people behave the way that they do We seek out other during stressful situations to lower our own levels of stress Application Creating effective therapeutic treatments, more successful negotiation tactics, and greater understanding amongst groups of people
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1. Create a theory an organized system of assumptions and principles that purports to explain certain phenomena and how they are related not just a personal opinion account for many empirical findings goal is to Scientific Method Ex. watching violence on TV leads to increased aggressive behavior
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2. Do your homework Search the scientific literature peer reviewed sources see what has already been done in the area Scientific Method
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3. Create a hypothesis based on our theory leads needs to be specific enough to be testable e.g. children who watch 30 min. of violent television will play more aggressively than children who watch 30 min. of non-violent TV how do we measure our variables? need to define our concepts and variables operational definition - Scientific Method
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4. Must state a hypothesis or prediction in a way that can be refuted or disproved Principle of falsifiablility help us to avoid the problem of the confirmation bias Scientific Method
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5. Test the hypothesis need to think about the question we are asking different types of studies answer different types of questions One of the most basic types of study is descriptive research Scientific Method
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scientific method - Scientic Method So how do we overcome...

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