f08_2 - Statistics 324(Bates Midterm 2(p 1 Choose the most...

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Statistics 324 (Bates) Midterm 2 2008-11-13 (p. 1) Choose the most appropriate answer. Mark only one selection. Use pencil. 1. In the test H 0 : μ = μ 0 vs. H a : μ > μ 0 with test statistic t obs = (¯ x - μ 0 ) / ( s/ n ) the p-value is (a) P [ T n < t obs ] (b) P [ T n > t obs ] (c) 2 · P [ T n > | t obs | ] (d) P [ T n - 1 < t obs ] (e) P [ T n - 1 > t obs ] where T ν denotes the T distribution with ν degrees of freedom. 2. When the p-value for a hypothesis test is small, say 0 < p < 0 . 01, we (a) reject H 0 in favor of H a (b) accept H 0 (c) fail to reject H 0 (d) reject H a in favor of H 0 (e) check our calculations because that value can’t occur 3. When the p-value for a hypothesis test is large, say p > 4 . 0, we (a) reject H 0 in favor of H a (b) accept H 0 (c) fail to reject H 0 (d) reject H a in favor of H 0 (e) check our calculations because that value can’t occur 4. In a paired two-sample t-test with n pairs of observed data values, the degrees of freedom for the t-statistic are (a) n - 2 (b) n - 1 (c) n (d) 2( n - 1) (e) between n - 1 and 2( n - 1) 5. In an unpaired two-sample t-test with n observations in each group, the degrees of freedom for the t-statistic are (a) n - 2 (b) n - 1 (c) n (d) 2( n - 1) (e) between n - 1 and 2( n - 1) 6. If, in a normal probability plot for a single sample of data, the points fall approximately on a straight line, then the slope of the line corresponds to (a) the sample standard deviation (b) the sample variance (c) the sample mean (d) the sample median (e) the sample size . 7. In a statistical hypothesis test, the null hypothesis is (a) a dimensionless statistic (b) the probability of seeing the data that we did or something more unusual (c) a claim about the parameters that we wish to establish (d) a claim about the parameters that we wish to refute (e) a claim about the parameters that is obviously true 8. The two possible conclusions in a statistical hypothesis test are (a) accept H 0 or reject H a (b) accept H 0 or reject H 0 (c) reject H 0 (in favor or H a ) or do not reject H 0 (d) accept H a or reject H a (e) do not reject H 0 or do not reject H a 9. The p-value in a test of H 0 : μ = 6 versus H a : μ 6 = 6 is 0.0012. The value 6 will be included in the (a) 0.1% (b) 1% (c) 95% (d) 99% (e) 99.9% confidence interval. 10. To reach a definite conclusion (i.e. not a “no decision”) in a statistical hypothesis test, we need the p-value to be (a) large and negative, say less than -1000 (b) large and positive, say greater than 1000 (c) near 1, representing certainty (d) near 0 but positive (e) near 0 and either positive or negative
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Statistics 324 (Bates) Midterm 2 2008-11-13 (p. 2) The article “Promising quantitative nondestructive evaluation techniques for composite materials” ( Materials Evaluation
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f08_2 - Statistics 324(Bates Midterm 2(p 1 Choose the most...

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