chapter 3 summary

chapter 3 summary - Chapter III summary The Constitution...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter III summary The Constitution The Revolutionary Roots of Constitution Freedom in Colonial America In America, landowners could control and transfer their property at will, there were no compulsory payments to support church, and there was no ceiling on wages. Colonists enjoyed almost complete freedom of speech, press and assembly. The overseas trade was controlled by the king and Parliament, the British legislature. Americans benefited the most from the protection that colonists needed during the Seven Years’ War between French and American Indian allies. The Road to Revolution British believed that taxing the colonies was the way to meet the coasts of administering the colonies. (public opposition was widespread and immediate) Sons of liberty (consisted of a group of citizens) was created, which destroyed taxed items. Women joined together in symbolic and practical displays of patriotism. (Daughters of Liberty) On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists reacted to British duty by organizing Boston Tea Party. Their act of defiance and destruction could not be ignored. The Virginia and Massachusetts assemblies summoned a continental congress, an assembly that would speak and act for the people of all the colonies. All colonies (except Georgia) sent representatives to the First Continental Congress. Their objective was to restore harmony between GB and American Colonies. There a first president was elected. Revolutionary Action Second Continental Congress remained in session to server the government of the colony- states. Independence meant disloyalty to Britain and war as well. A committee of five men was appointed to prepare a proclamation expressing the colonies’ reasons for declaring independence The Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson was the “pen” of John Adam’s voice. It was drafted by Thomas Jefferson, and it is the document that proclaimed the right of the colonies to separate from Great Britain The principles were rooted in the writings of John Locke. Social Contract Theory: is the belief that the people agree to set up rulers for certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes. Jefferson declared that the colonies were “Free and Independent States”, with no political connection to Great Britain. On July 2, 1776, The Second Continental Congress finally voted for independence, and two days later it was approved. An act of rebellion was treason; the punishment for it was hanging, drawing and quartering. Catholics had a difficult choice of either joining revolutionaries (who opposed Catholicism) or remain loyal to England and risk their lives. The Revolutionary war was costly war: a greater percent of population died than in other US
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/06/2010 for the course POL 102 taught by Professor Cover during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

Page1 / 5

chapter 3 summary - Chapter III summary The Constitution...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online