chapter 12 summary

chapter 12 summary - Political science Chapter XII Summary...

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Political science Chapter XII Summary Presidency The Constitutional Basis of Presidential Power The delegates to the Constitutional Convention were wary of unchecked power. The Articles of Confederation had failed, however, in part because of the lack of a strong national executive. Delegates had to balance the need to check the power of the presidency with the need to make it powerful enough to provide effective leadership. In the end, they created an office that gave presidents several powers. Presidential powers: - Act as administrative head of the nation. - Serve as commander in chief of the military. - Convene Congress. - Veto legislation. - Appoint top officials, though some are subject to the advice and consent of the Senate. - Make treaties. - Grant pardons. The Expansion of Presidential Power The power of the modern presidency comes not only from the explicit powers listed in the Constitution but also from the expansion of authority under claims of inherent powers . Congress has also delegated power to the executive branch The Executive Branch Establishment One of the most important of the president’s resources in office is his White House staff . The Executive Office of the President consists of the Chief of Staff , the National Security Adviser , the Council of Economic Advisers and the Office of Management and Budget . Vice presidents have traditionally been “standby equipment.” They are not usually used in a major advisory capacity. However, Al Gore was given a more public role than usual, and Dick Cheney is also a major force within the George W. Bush administration. The cabinet is composed of the heads of the major departments in the executive branch and a small number of other key officials such as the director of the Office of Management and Budget. The Power to Make Treaties The president has the power to make treaties but two-thirds of the Senate must vote to ratify. The president also receives ambassadors. These powers have been interpreted to mean that the president also has the power to formally recognize the existence of a country.The Senate does
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chapter 12 summary - Political science Chapter XII Summary...

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