Campbell 7th and 8th editions
Important figures 7th edition:
42.2, 42.3, 42.4, 42.5, 42.6, 42.7, 42.8, 42.9, 42.10, 42.14, 42.15,
42.17, 42.19, 42.20, 42.21, 42.22, 42.23, 42.24, 42.25.
Important figures 8th edition:
circulation, gastrovascular cavity, blood, heart, circulatory system, hemolymph,
cardiovascular system, atrium, ventricle, artery, vein, capillary, arteriole, systemic circulation,
pulmonary circulation, double circulation, cardiac cycle, systole, diastole, heart rate, sinoatrial node,
atrioventricular node, lymphatic system, plasma, cellular elements, blood clotting, gas exchange,
respiratory medium, respiratory surface, ventilation, countercurrent exchange, tracheal system, lung,
trachea, bronchi, positive pressure breathing, negative pressure breathing, diaphragm, hemoglobin.
Discuss the evolution of the four-chambered heart in vertebrate animals.
How are the various
heart structures associated with the respiratory systems of the animals?
Trace the pathway of blood from the right ventricle back to the left ventricle.