Ch. 44 study guide - apparatus angiotensin II aldosterone...

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STUDY GUIDE Campbell 7th and 8th editions BIO 311D CHINNERY CHAPTER 44 Important figures 7th edition: 44.3, 44.4, 44.6, 44.7, 44.8, 44.9, 44.13, 44.14, 44.15, 44.16, 44.18. Important figures 8th edition: 44.2, 44.4, 44.5, 44.6, 44.7, 44.8, 44.9, 44.10, 44.14, 44.15, 44.16, 44.19, 44.21 Important terms: osmoregulation, osmosis, diffusion, osmolarity, osmoconformer, osmoregulator, anhydrobiosis, transport epithelium, nitrogenous wastes, ammonia, urea, uric acid, excretory system, filtration, reabsorption, secretion, excretion, kidney, urinary bladder, renal artery, renal vein, ureter, urethra, renal cortex, renal medulla, glomerulus, Bowman’s capsule, filtrate, proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal tubule, collecting duct, renal pelvis, cortical nephron, juxtamedullary nephron, afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole, vasa recta, solute gradients, antidiuretic hormone, juxtaglomerular
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Unformatted text preview: apparatus, angiotensin II, aldosterone, renin, atrial natriuretic factor. Knowledge goals: List an example of an osmoconformer and an osmoregulator. Be able to discuss the differences between salt and fresh water osmoregulation. Which animals produce ammonia, urea, and uric acid? What are the differences among these three forms of nitrogenous waste? Describe the basics of a tubular excretory system. Be prepared to label the human excretory system at all 4 levels. Discuss the five steps that a filtrate goes through from blood to urine within the kidney. Describe how solute gradients allow the concentration of urine in the human kidney. Be able to draw a feedback loop of hormonal control of the kidney in humans. Discuss kidney adaptations in the animal kingdom....
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