COM_310_Study_Guide - COM 310 Study Guide#1 Common...

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COM 310 Study Guide #1 Common Conversation Topics: Developmental definition of interpersonal communication (lecture) : Communication created using psychological level of information. ( Unique information you know about that individual ) Definition of interpersonal communication (text): “The exchange of messages, verbal and nonverbal, between people regardless of their relationship. Voluntary Relationships: Friends Involuntary Relationships: Parents Romantic Relationships: Sexually Attracted Platonic Relationships: No attraction. Every message contains both content and relational communication. Relationships 1. Role Relationships a. Functional b. Casual c. Involves limited behavioral independence. 2. Interpersonal Relationship a. Some level of mutual influence beyond simple behavioral interdependence. b. Unique Communication c. Repeated Interaction 3. Close or Intimate Relationships a. Includes all the feature of interpersonal relationships plus b. Emotional attachment c. Need fulfillment d. And sometimes irreplacibility, which characterizes our closest relationships. Schutz’s Needs: 1. Need for affection (touch) 2. Need for inclusion (always part of a group) 3. Need for control (control our own life) Uncertainty: The in ability to predict or explain the attitudes and/or behaviors of someone. (More Info = Less uncertainty, Less info = More uncertainty) Uncertainty Reduction Theory: The driving force in initial encounters is obtaining information about the other person to get to know her or him better and, ultimately, to
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reduce uncertainty. - People prefer to have smoothly running interactions - Communication behavior initial interactions is governed by implicit and/or explicit rules and norms. - Interactants need to predict the most likely alternative to action of fellow interactants and which of their own responses is most appropriate. People Reduce uncertainty because: - Expectation of future interactions - Reward value of communication - Deviant behavior “attention seeker” Ways to Reduce Uncertainty (AXIOMS) Axiom 1: + Verbal Communication - Uncertainty Axiom 2: + Nonverbal Communication - Uncertainty Axiom 3: + Uncertainty - Info seeking Axiom 4: + Uncertainty/-Uncertainty -Intimacy Level/+Intimacy Level Axiom 5: +Uncertainty/-Uncertainty +Reciprocity/-Reciprocity Axiom 6: +Similarity/-Similarity -Uncertainty/+Uncertainty Axiom 7: +Uncertainty/-Uncertainty -Liking/+Liking Passive: Observing Active: Gossip Interactive: Talking to Stages of Social Penetration 1. Orientation: Limited breadth and depth 2. Exploratory Affect Exchange: Increase the breadth, not a lot of depth (Casual Friends). 3. Affective Exchange: Increased breadth and depth (Most Romantic Relationships). 4.
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COM_310_Study_Guide - COM 310 Study Guide#1 Common...

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