Unformatted text preview: of the data items stored in the ±le, is determined by the program that writes the ±le on the external memory device. File System: The combination of hardware and software that allows ±les to be stored (written), retrieved (read), and managed. Structure of ±le system: The ±le system in Unix and MS Windows has a tree structure, with the base called the root, dividing sequentially into branches, called directories or folders. Files can be thought of as leaves along the branches. File types: For our purposes, there are two types of ±les: binary and text (also called ASCII text or plain text). Binary ±les contain both the machine instructions of executable programs and 37...
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- Summer '09
- English, memory device, file management, external memory device, file management deﬁnitions