PSCInotes.docx - Intro to American gov and politics 1 Intro to Politics and Governments Politics \u201cwho gets what when and how\u201d Lasswell Process of

PSCInotes.docx - Intro to American gov and politics 1 Intro...

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Intro to American gov and politics 1. Intro to Politics and Governments Politics: “who gets what, when and how” Lasswell. Process of choosing leaders and policies Who: many actors = voters, companies, pol. Parties, interest groups, courts, presidents… What: many interests = education, taxes, health care, social policy, law and order, defense… How: many processes to determine this = vote, negotiate, lobby/persuade, court ruling, fight… Government: Institutions through which public policies are made for society Political leaders, military, police, legal system Some Major Functions – vary across govt’s Defense: protect against outside threats Order: avoid anarchy (no govt, rules) Hobbes(1651): constant conflict; “nasty, brutish, & short” Public goods: not easily provided if not by the govt -education, roads, fire, police, snow plows, defense, welfare… Forms of Government Aristotle: Gov by one, few, many By one: autocracy Monarchy – rule by bloodline or divine right Tyranny – rule by force or fear By the few: oligarchy Military rule Theocracy – religious rule Single party rule (Communism) By the many: democracy/republic Direct democracy: every citizen involved (Athens) Representative democracy (republic): citizens chose individuals to represent them (US,UK)
2. US Political Culture 3. Texas Political Culture a. Only independent republic The Constitution 1. Intro to Constitutions a. Basic governing document b. Basic principles of governance (who governs and how) c. Structure and power of govt d. Limits on power of govt 2. Most Democracies have a constitution a. Some unwritten (UK, Israel) = laws and rulings with the same effect as a constitutions b. Some non-democracies (Kuwait, Monaco) constitutional monarchy 3. 1 st modern constitution: Magna Carta 1215 (England) a. Goal was to limit power of King John i. Needed men and money for wars ii. Feudal barons demanded a charter of liberties b. Proclaims certain liberties (limits on king) i. Some limits on taxation (some required consent) ii. Created due process: no prison or exile without lawful judgement or standing laws of the land 4. The Founding Fathers a. 13 colonies i. England (constitutional monarchy w/ parliament) ii. Colonies had some self-govt 1. Elected representative assembly (w/ british oversight) 2. Some rights of Englishmen (trial by jury etc.) b. 1765 stamp act congress i. Opposed taxation without representation 1. Unfair to be taxed by people not elected c. 1773 Tea Act and other taxes i. Colonists respond with the Boston Tea Party ii. Intolerable acts (dissolved assembly, closed ports d. Constitutional Congress
i. 1 st con. Congress 1774 12/13 colonies 1. Declared rights, demanded repeal of intolerable acts 2. Goal to reconcile after the repeal of acts ii. British Rejected response, arm for revolution 1. English response; send troops to seize weapons iii. 2 nd Constitutional Congress 1775-81 1. All 13 colonies Issued Declaration of Independence to justify revolution 2. Began working as a new govt 3. Established continental army 4. Issued paper money 5. Send diplomats abroad to seek $ diplomacy, military aid iv. Declaration of Independence 1.

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