T3 OR - to represent or match particular prototypes It also...

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Suny Bhagat AP Psychology Period 2 Schemas are concepts or frameworks that organize and interpret information. They are our beliefs. We see more males performing more physical and aggressive activities than females. Our schemas store this fact and cause participants to recall a hostile male yelling at an innocent woman. Retroactive Interference is the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information. This disruption causes us to forget previous memories and overwrite them with new memories. The photograph was one of the first pictures presented to the participants. They were shown several more in ten second intervals after the park photo. In these photos, most likely the latest of them, the participants may have been exposed to pictures with the male yelling, or even abusing, a female. This conflicted with the picture of the woman yelling and ultimately caused the participants to recall an abusive male. Representative heuristic is the judging of the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem
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Unformatted text preview: to represent, or match, particular prototypes. It also may lead one to ignore relative information. It causes us to use common sense, or use simple association. The participants may have recalled shouting being done and a man. Using common sense, they would say the man was the one doing the shouting. Confirmation Bias is the tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions. We overlook all information that conflict with our own beliefs. We picture ‘man’ as the physical stronger kind than woman, and therefore associate anything aggressive to man. The participants may have done the same thing; associate the shouting with the man. Framing is the way an issue is posed. How an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments. They may have thought “what was the man doing?” and recalled shouting. Intermingling the two can lead the participant to believe the man was doing the shouting....
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2010 for the course ALL all taught by Professor All during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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