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Cognition Part 2, 1-9 - Jake Venditto Chow Language and...

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Jake Venditto 1/18/10 Chow Language and Thoughts 1. The cognitive revolution in psychology: A response to behaviorism, which was the predominant school in experimental psychology at the time. This school was heavily influenced by Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, and other physiologists. They proposed that psychology could only become an objective science were it based on observable behavior in test subjects. Because mental events are not publicly observable, Behaviorist psychologists avoided description of mental processes or the mind in their literature. 2. Key Properties of Language: Phonemes: The smallest speech units in a language that can be distinguished perceptually. Morphemes: The smallest units of meaning in a language Semantics: The area of language concerned with understanding the meaning of words and word combination. Syntax: A system of rules that specify how words can be arranged into sentences. 3. Human languages development at age one: Can distinguish phonemes from all the world’s languages
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