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AnsPractice - Week 1 E2.1 Cash Accounts payable Common...

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Week 1 E2.1. Category Financial Statement(s) Cash…………………………………………… A BS Accounts payable…………….……………….. L BS Common stock………………………………… OE BS Depreciation expense………………………….. E IS Net sales……………………………………….. R IS Income tax expense……………………………. E IS Short-term investments………………………... A BS Gain on sale of land……………………………. G IS Retained earnings……………………………… OE BS Dividends payable…………………………….. L BS Accounts receivable…………………………… A BS Short-term debt………………………………… L BS 1
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E2.2. Category Financial Statement(s) Accumulated depreciation……………………... A BS Long-term debt………………………………… L BS Equipment……………………………………… A BS Loss on sale of short-term investments………... LS IS Net income……………………………………… OE IS Merchandise inventory………………………… A BS Other accrued liabilities………………………… L BS Dividends paid…………………………………. OE Neither* Cost of goods sold……………………………… E IS Additional paid-in capital………………………. OE BS Interest income…………………………………. R IS Selling expenses……………………………….. E IS * Trick question! “Dividends paid” appears only on the Statement of Changes in Owners’ Equity. Dividends paid are distributions of earnings that reduce retained earnings on the balance sheet. Dividends paid are not expenses, and do not appear on the income statement. 2
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E2.4. Use the accounting equation to solve for the missing information Firm A: A = L + PIC + ( Beg. RE + NI - DIV = End. RE ) $ ? = $80,000 + $55,000 + ( $50,000 + 68,000 - $12,000 = ? ) In this case, the ending balance of retained earnings must be determined first: $50,000 + $68,000 - $12,000 = End. RE. Retained earnings, 12/31/09 = $106,000 Once the ending balance of retained earnings is known, total assets can be determined: A = $80,000 + $55,000 + $106,000 Total assets, 12/31/09 = $241,000 Firm B: A = L + PIC + ( Beg. RE + NI - DIV = End. RE ) $435,000 = ? + $59,000 + ( $124,000 + $110,000 - ? = $186,000 ) $435,000 = L + $59,000 + $186,000 Total liabilities, 12/31/09 = $190,000 $124,000 + $110,000 - DIV = $186,000 Dividends declared and paid during 2009 = $48,000 Firm C: A = L + PIC + ( Beg. RE + NI - DIV = End. RE ) $155,000 = $75,000 + $45,000 + ( ? + $25,500 - $16,500 = ? ) In this case, the ending balance of retained earnings must be determined first: $155,000 = $75,000 + $45,000 + End. RE Retained earnings, 12/31/09 = $35,000 Once the ending balance of retained earnings is known, the beginning balance of retained earnings can be determined: Beg. RE + $25,500 - $16,500 = $35,000 Retained earnings, 1/1/09 = $26,000 3
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Week 2 E3.8. a. Margin * 2.4 Turnover = 12% ROI Margin = 5% 5% Margin = (Net Income / Sales $96,000,000) Net Income = $4,800,000 (or $4.8 million) b. ROE = ($4,800,000 Net income / $32,000,000 Average owners' equity) = 15% P3.11. a. ROI = Margin * Turnover = (Net income / Net revenues) * (Net revenues / Average total assets) = ($5,044 / $35,382) * ($35,382 / (($48,314 + $48,368) / 2)) = (14.3% Margin * 0.73 turnover) = 10.4% b. ROE = Net income / Average stockholders' equity = $5,044 / (($36,182 + $36,752) / 2) = 13.8% c. Working capital = Current assets - Current liabilities 12/30/06 12/31/05 Current assets ...................................................................... $18,280 $21,194 - Current liabilities ................................................................ 8,514 9,234 = Working capital .................................................................. $ 9,766 $11,960 d.
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