Chapter 15 Terms

Chapter 15 Terms - Brian Nelson Period 2 Mr. Mohn January...

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Brian Nelson Period 2 Mr. Mohn January 24, 2010 Ch.15 Terms “Lost Cause” Myth The Lost Cause is the name commonly given to a literary and intellectual movement that sought to reconcile the traditional white society of the Southern United States to the defeat of the Confederate States of America in the Civil War of 1861–1865. Thirteenth Amendment The Thirteenth Amendment, on December 6, 1865, was added to the United States Constitution officially and abolished and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. Freeman’s Bureau March 3, 1865, was a U.S. federal government agency that aided distressed refugees of the American Civil War. Radical Republicans were a loose faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 until the end of Reconstruction in 1877. The Radical Republicans had been opposed to slavery during the war, and after the war supported equal rights for freedmen. Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan Abraham Lincoln had thought about the process of restoring the Union from the earliest days of the war. His guiding principles were to accomplish the task as rapidly as possible and ignore calls for punishing the South. In late 1863, Lincoln announced a formal plan for reconstruction: a general amnesty would be granted to all who would take an oath of loyalty to the United States and pledge to obey all federal laws pertaining to slavery. High Confederate officials and military leaders were to be temporarily excluded from the process. When one tenth of the number of voters who had participated in the 1860 election had taken the oath within a particular state, then that state could launch a new government and elect representatives to Congress. Wade-Davis Bill The Wade–Davis Bill of 1864 was a program proposed for the Reconstruction of the South. In contrast to President Abraham Lincoln's more lenient Ten Percent Plan, the bill made re-admittance to the Union for former Confederate states contingent on a majority in each Southern state to take the Ironclad oath to the effect they had never in the past supported the Confederacy . Andrew Jackson’s Reconstruction Plan Johnson's ideas for returning the South to the Union were generally much less punitive. Johnson was willing to let the former rebel states return once they repealed their Secession laws, repudiated their wartime debts, and ratified the 14th Amendment. Black Codes
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The Black Codes were laws passed on the state and local level in the United States to limit the civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans. Civil Rights Act of 1886 The Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a piece of United States legislation that gave further rights to the freed slaves after the end of the American Civil War. Fourteenth Amendment
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Chapter 15 Terms - Brian Nelson Period 2 Mr. Mohn January...

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