Review 4 - Review 4 Caliphate ContributionsSimilarity and...

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Review 4 Caliphate Contributions- Similarity and Differences to other civilizations. Modern Conflicts- The caliph, or head of state, was often known as Amir al-Mu'minin "Commander of the Believe, or more colloquially, leader of all the Muslims. Dar al-Islam was referred to as any land under the rule of the caliphate, including a land populated by non-Muslims and land not under rule of the caliphate was referred to as Dar al-Kufr (lit. land of non-Islam) , even if its inhabitants were Muslims, because they were not citizens under Sharia (Islamic law). [4] The first capital of the Caliphate after Muhammad died was in Medina. At times in Muslim history there have been rival claimant caliphs in different parts of the Islamic world, and divisions between the Shi'a and Sunni parts. Fall of Empire- On March 3, 1924, the first President of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, as part of his reforms, constitutionally abolished the institution of the Caliphate. Its powers within Turkey were transferred to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (parliament) of the newly formed Turkish Republic and the title has since been inactive.Scattered attempts to revive the Caliphate elsewhere in the Muslim world were made in the years immediately following its abandonment by Turkey, but none were successful. Hussein bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca, the title of the former governors of the Hejaz, who aided the British during World War I and revolted against Istanbul, declared
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Review 4 - Review 4 Caliphate ContributionsSimilarity and...

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