Review 8 - Review 8 Industrialization Industrialization...

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Review 8 Industrialization Industrialization Causes: Agricultural Revolution, describes a period of development in Britain between the 17th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output. This in turn supported unprecedented population growth, freeing up a significant percentage of the workforce, and thereby helped drive the Industrial Revolution . How this came about is not entirely clear. In recent decades, enclosure , mechanization , four-field crop rotation , and selective breeding have been highlighted as primary causes, with credit given to relatively few individuals. Enclosure movement, is the process by which common land is taken into fully private ownership and use. Common land is land which is owned by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as arable farming, mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock. Under enclosure, such land is fenced (enclosed) and deeded or entitled to one or more private owners, who then enjoy the possession and fruits of the land to the exclusion of all others. Industrialization Impact: Impacted the work force and the people in the work force greatly. It greatly reduced the time needed to manufacture and create goods and also offered and took away some career opportunities for the common man. Domestic System, Before factories as we would identify them, all manufacture of products like textiles was done at home and on a small scale. Work was confined to a cottage with everybody doing their bit. Work done at home - hence the "domestic" in the title - was slow and laborious. Daniel Defoe, of "Robinson Crusoe" fame -wrote about his journey through Yorkshire in about 1720 and described how he saw small cottages, small scale production and each family working for itself. However, not everything was done under one roof. Defoe noted that in Norfolk those employed in spinning worked elsewhere to those employed in weaving.
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Review 8 - Review 8 Industrialization Industrialization...

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