Review Guide 2 - 1 Maya When 2000 BC 900 AD I mpact/Cont...

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1.) Maya When 2000 BC – 900 AD Impact/Contributions Writing System Numerical System (counting from 5’s) Comprehension of Zero Mayan Calendar Identify Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta was the founder of the Maurya dynasty, which ruled ancient India for about 140 years. His troops conquered one northern Indian kingdom after another and claimed lands that stretched as far as west as Afghanistan. In this way, Chandragupta united northern India under one ruler for the first time in history. Others, most famously Alexander the Great, had tried and failed to unite this region; legend has it that Chandragupta and Alexander met each other, though the Macedonian king probably died before Chandragupta was born. Ashoka An Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from 273 BCE to 232 BCE. His empire stretched from present-day Pakistan, Afghanistan in the west, to the present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of Assam in the east, and as far south as the Brahmagiri in Karnataka. He conquered the kingdom named Kalinga, which no one in his dynasty had conquered starting from Chandragupt Maurya. His reign was headquartered in Magadha. He
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embraced Buddhism from the prevalent Vedic tradition after witnessing the mass deaths of the war of Kalinga, which he himself had waged out of a desire for conquest. He was later dedicated to the propagation of Buddhism across Asia and established monuments marking several significant sites in the life of Gautama Buddha. Ashoka in human history is often referred to as the emperor of all ages. Ashoka was a devotee of love, truth, tolerance and vegetarianism. Ashoka is remembered in history as a philanthropic administrator. Chandragupta and the Role of Buddhism ??? Golden Age Role Of Hinduism While himself a Buddhist, Ashoka retained the membership of Hindu priests and ministers in his court, and he maintained religious freedom and tolerance although the Buddhist faith grew in popularity with his patronage. Indian society began embracing the philosophy of ahimsa , and given the increased prosperity and improved law enforcement, crime and internal conflicts reduced dramatically. Also greatly discouraged was the caste system and orthodox discrimination, as Hinduism began to absorb the ideals and values of Jain and Buddhist teachings. Social freedom began expanding in an age of peace and prosperity. 2.) Chinese Quin Dynasty When 221 BC – 207 BC
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Where Impact/Contribution – Shi Huang Di – king of the Chinese State of Qin from 246 BCE to 221 BCE during the Warring States Period. [3] He became the first emperor of a unified China in 221 BCE. [3] He ruled until his death in 210 BCE at the age of 50.Qin Shi Huangdi remains a controversial figure in Chinese history. After unifying China, he and his chief adviser Li Si passed a series of major economic and political reforms. [3]
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2010 for the course WSS 101 taught by Professor Stinkly during the Spring '10 term at Winston Salem State.

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Review Guide 2 - 1 Maya When 2000 BC 900 AD I mpact/Cont...

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