FrazierWounded Knee and The Ghost DanceTyaira FrazierHistory 204 Section 401October 11, 2018
Frazier1)Introductiona)The battle of Wooded Knee was the last armed conflict between the United States of American of the Indian wars and Great Sioux Nation, where 200 native Americans were killed.b)The period of the massacrei.The massacre took place on 29 December 1890, in Lakota Pine Ridge reservation, Dakota, United Statesc)Thesis statementa)The root cause of wounded Knee massacre, which led killing of over 200 native Americans and 25 US army. The rise of ghost dance movement in reservation, introduced by Wovoka whom he promised Lakota return of their traditional way of life if they engage in purification ceremonies. One of the purification ceremonies was Ghost dance, a ceremonial practice where people join hands and swivel in a circle.1)Body a)The Lakota traditions i.The basic principle of Lakota belief was based on general spirit force, which was everywhere in the invisible and visible world. ii.The spirit was important in Lakota’s worship system because they believed that warned them about dangers as well as it took care of themiii.These Lakota’s religious ceremonies, ritual, and practices continued until 1883 on the reservation when the government forbade them.b)The Ghost Dancei.The ghost dance was introduced to the reservation in 1890 by Wovoka, when Dakotan had already lived for several years between the world of Christianity and forbidden of their beliefsii.The Ghost dance re-ignited the lost traditional mode of worship, beliefs and norms, which were highly respect by all Dakotans.iii.The instructions given by Wovoka was that Ghost Dance to be conducted at six –weeks interval and four days in row and then the fifth day to be the last day.iv.The ghost dance attire, which came to be known as dance shirts were believed that it protects one against harm, particularly United State army bullets.c)U. S Army Massacres Indians at Wounded Kneei.The rise of Wovoka, who reignited the ancient Lakota’s ghost dance, which brought a lot of influence at Pine Ridge reservation area.ii.On December 15, 1890, about 43 Indian soldiers were sent to arrest Sitting Bull, because there were rumors that he was going to join the Ghost Dancers.iii.On, 29 December 1890, the United States Army’s 7thCalvary surrounded a band of Ghost dancers under the Sioux chief Big
FrazierFoot near Wounded Knee Creek, where the troops were disarming the Lakota before they gunned down more than 200 people, 2)Conclusion i.