Clarkson-11e Appendix I: Sample Answers for End-of-Chapter Questions with Sample Answer Chapter 1: Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning 1–2. Question with Sample Answer After World War II, which ended in 1945, an international tribunal of judges convened at Nuremberg,Germany.The judges convicted several Nazis of “crimes against humanity.”Assuming that the Nazi war criminals who were convicted had not disobeyed any law of their country and had merely been following their government’s (Hitler’s) orders, what law had they violated? Explain. Sample Answer: At the time of the Nuremberg trials, “crimes against humanity” were new international crimes. The laws criminalized such acts as murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation,and other inhumane acts committed against any civilian population.These international laws derived their legitimacy from “natural law.”Natural law,which is the oldest and one of the most significant schools of jurisprudence, holds that governments and legal systems should reflect the moral
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