03 crisis of diplomacy i

03 crisis of diplomacy i - The Crisis of Diplomacy Crisis...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: The Crisis of Diplomacy Crisis at the Top, Challenge from Below Traditional Diplomacy s “Diplomacy” has traditionally been an affair of Diplomacy” nation states. nation x x x x interaction - negotiation between “countries” carried out by professional or appointed specialists day to day conflicts, or joint problem solving summit meetings, treaties, declarations of war, etc s s In colonial era: Pax Brittanica vs German empire In post-WWII: Pax Americana vs Soviets, allies Diplomacy in Keynesian State - I s s s s s Central role of nationstate in int’l adjustment reinforced Central role of diplomacy in negotiating distribution of adjustment negotiating E.g., how much a govt in a country running a trade deficit E.g., should slow the economy, vs How much a govt in a country running a trade surplus How should stimulate their economy should E.g., US vs Germany E.g., E.g., Negotiation of GATT, etc. Diplomacy in Keynesian State - II s s Cold War US vs USSR, Bloc vs Bloc Bilateralism x x Foreign aid, Foreign Military intervention, e.g., Vietnam Public 3 3 s Multilateralism: x United Nations, OECD, EC, World Court Military action: Korean War Institute for Pacific Relations Bilderberger Group Trilateral Commission x Private 3 3 3 “Foreign Policy” Making s Central role of nation state has meant necessity in Central each country for specialized experts in “foreign affairs”, professional elite of specialized experts affairs”, x x e.g., in Europe independent of regime e.g., in US different teams for different Presidents A foreign policy “establishment” 3 3 s Prior to & after WWII in US x self-reproducing elite without & within govt, moves from one to other The Old Establishment - I s Readings: Readings: x x x Domhoff: “How the foreign policy elite make FP” Hodgson: “The Establishment” Hughes: “The Twilight of the Establishment” Private: corporate, gatherings (CFR), institutes (foundations, etc.) Public: Executive (President, NSC, State Dept) Pyrimidal: decision makers at top, data gatherers at bottom, sifters Pyrimidal: & sorters in between sorters Top defines problems, sets framework & limits spectrum of Top options (e.g., communism has to be contained, question is how) options s Structure: x x x x The Old Establishment - II s Character of members x x x originally from upper class, int’l business common education & cultural background self-selecting, self-reproducing, bipartisan Policy: internationalism (against isolationism) Aspiration: moral & political leadership of world Instinct: for the center Technique: work out of public eye, behind closed doors s Common Tendencies (from Hodgson) x x x x s Basic Goal: Globalization of Western capitalism x Globalization of Keynesian State Crisis of the Establishment s s s Crisis in US came with Vietnam War Establishment had had consensus (with a few Establishment exceptions) since 1952 NSC Memo on US Policy & Kennan’s “X” article Kennan’s Grass roots resistance, both in Vietnam & within Grass the US changed balance of costs & benefits the x x Resistance raised costs tremendously Benefits from future investment & trade receded s Establishment split over changing policy Hodgson’s Chronology s s s s s s 1965: (after Tonkin) Acheson & Cutler proposals for 1965: settlement (rejected) settlement 1968: (after Tet) gathering of elitevoted against current 1968: policy policy 1970: (after invasion of Cambodia) establishment tries to 1970: talk to Kissinger, snubbed they spoke out in public talk 1971: (after Mansfield Amendment) elite backed 1971: commitment commitment 1971: Bundy critiqued for not recognizing errors [1971: Ellsberg releases Pentagon Papers, reveals lies] Consequences s s s s s Alienation of young from socialization into elite Decline in popular respect for wisdom of elite Widespread perception of govt lying to the people Deligitimazation of Elite, of Presidency Hughes attributes all this to: x x spread of education spread of public knowledge via media s Feeds “anti-internationalism” Masters of War (1963) Come you masters of war You that built the big guns You that build the death pllanes You that build all the big bombs You that hide behind walls You that hide behind desks I just want you to know I can see through your masks You that never done nothin' You But build to destroy You play with my world Like its your little toy You put a gun in my hand And you hide from my eyes And you turn and run farther When the fast bullets fly Like Judas of old Like You lie and deceive A world war can be won You want me to believe But I see through your eyes And I see through your brain Like I see through the water That runs down my drain You fasten all the triggers You For the others to fire Then you set back and watch When the death count gets higher You hide in your mansion As young people's blood Flows out of their bodies And is buried in the mud You've thrown the worst fear You've That can ever be hurled Fear to bring children Into the world For threatenin' my baby Unborn and unnamed You ain't worth the blood You That runs in your veins That How much do I know How To talk out of turn You might say that I'm young But there's one thing I know Though I'm younger than you Even Jesus would never Forgive what you do You might say I'm unlearned You Let me ask you one question Is your money that good Will it buy you forgiveness Do you think that it could I think you will find When your death takes its toll All the money you made Will never buy back your soul And I hope that you die And And your death'll come soon I'll follow your casket On a pale afternoon And I'll watch while you're lowered Down to your death bed And I'll stand o'er your grave Till I'm sure that you're dead. Bob Dylan, Bob The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan, Columbia Records, 1963 (CS 8786) I Ain't Marchin' Anymore (1965) Oh, I marched to the battle of New Orleans At the end of the early British Wars The young land started growin' The young blood started flowin' But I ain't a marchin' anymore. For I killed my share of injuns For In a thousand different fights I was there at the Little Big Horn I heard many men a lyin' I saw many more a dyin' But I ain't a marchin' anymore. It's always the old Who lead us to the wars Who Always the young to fall Now look at all we won Now With the saber and the gun With Tell me is it worth it all? For I stole California For From the Mexican land Fought in the bloody civil war Yes, I even killed my brothers And too many others, But I ain't a marchin' anymore. For I marched to the battles of the German trench For In a war that was bound to end all wars Oh I musta killed a million men And now they want me back again, But I ain't marchin' anymore. It's always the old Who lead us to the wars Who Always the young to fall Now look at all we won Now With the saber and the gun With Tell me is it worth it all? For I flew the final mission For In the Japanese skies Set off the mighty mushroom roar When I saw the cities burnin' I knew that I was learnin' That I ain't a marchin' anymore. Now the labor leaders' screamin' Now When they close the missile plants United Fruit screams at the Cuban shore Call it peace, or call it treason Call it love, or call it reason, But I ain't a marchin' anymore, No, I ain't a marchin' anymore. Phil Ochs, Phil There but for Fortune, Electra/Asylum Records, 1989 (960832-2) Kissinger - Establishment Split s s Kissinger the establishment man went his own Kissinger way, cut ties, functional links with establish. way, “Lone Ranger” foreign policy x x x Content critiquedby splinters Style critiqued by George Ball & others Alienated foreign allies 3 3 3 Vietnam China Ending of Bretton Woods --END-- ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/08/2010 for the course ECO 357L taught by Professor Cleaver during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online