com140_week1_reading2

com140_week1_reading2 - Axia College Material Fundamentals...

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Axia College Material Fundamentals of Writing, Part Two What To Do When You Are Ready to Write Types of Prewriting Techniques After you complete the initial steps in the planning process, you may pick up a pen or go to your keyboard to start prewriting. Prewriting is an informal way of writing down initial thoughts about a subject. There are many different types of prewriting techniques, including the following: Freewriting : You have a topic to write about, and have answered the five questions in the planning stage, but when you sit down to prewrite, nothing comes to mind. The best advice is to start freewriting. Ask yourself the 5 w’ s and 1 h : Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? Write about anything you think of for a period of time (say, 10 minutes) or to a certain length (perhaps one entire page) to start your thoughts. Connect a word to a previous word or a word it suggests, or take off on a tangent. Keep at it—without stopping to reread, edit, or judge—even if you have to write the same word over and over. Freewriting has been described as using a fire hose to wash out the ideas in your head. This type of prewriting technique may provide you access to insights and ideas you did not realize you had. Brainstorming : Brainstorming is similar to freewriting, but is more compressed and focused. This technique involves writing without stopping. The goal is to generate ideas about your subject without any thought to organization. The tricky part is not stopping to correct the paper or take a break. Just keep writing for the time allotted or until the page is full. Clustering or mind-mapping : This technique shows the relationship between ideas through drawing. You begin with your topic in the middle of a page and draw a circle around it. From there, you draw lines to show connections to more specific, supporting ideas. Listing : This technique involves making a list of ideas. These ideas are usually short notes on your thoughts and may appear similar to an outline. Examples of Prewriting Suppose you are in a writing class, and your instructor has asked you to write a paper explaining how to build a Web site. Your prewriting techniques might look similar to the following examples: Freewriting Today was a busy day at work. My boss is having me do a lot of extra work so we can catch up. I’m sitting here now and I’m tired, but I know I need to work on this paper. I don’t know what to write about, so I’m just writing to write without stopping. Hmmm….It is very cold outside and I can tell it’s going to snow soon. I guess I should quit rambling and try to focus on the topic. Web sites. Web sites. Teaching people how to build a Web site. I wonder if I should write it for people who don’t know anything about the Web or people with at least some knowledge of the subject. Maybe I should ask my teacher that. But I’ll get behind, so I better pick which way I’m going to go and start on it now.
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