CS232 Lecture notes

CS232 Lecture notes - Lecture 2: Geometry vs Linear Algebra...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 2: Geometry vs Linear Algebra Points-Vectors and Distance-Norm Shang-Hua Teng 2D Geometry: Points 2D Geometry: Cartesian Coordinates x y ( a,b ) 2D Linear Algebra: Vectors x y ( a,b ) 2D Geometry and Linear Algebra Points Cartesian Coordinates Vectors 2D Geometry: Distance 2D Geometry: Distance How to express distance algebraically using coordinates??? Algebra: Vector Operations Vector Addition Scalar Multiplication + + = + = = 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 then and w v w v w v w w w v v v -- =- = 2 1 2 1 and 3 3 3 v v v v v v Geometry of Vector Operations Vector Addition: v + w v w v + w Geometry of Vector Operations -v v-v 2v Linear Combination Linear combination of v and w { c v + d w : c, d are real numbers} Geometry of Vector Operations Vector Subtraction: v - w v w v + w v - w Norm: Distance to the Origin Norm of a vector: 2 2 2 1 || || v v v + = 2 1 = v v v Distance of Between Two Points v w v - w ( 29 ( 29 2 2 2 2 1 1 || || ) , dist( w v w v w v w v- +- =- = Dot-Product (Inner Product) and Norm 2 2 1 1 w v w v w v + = v v v = || || Angle Between Two Vectors v w Polar Coordinate v r ) sin , (cos ) sin , cos ( r r r v = = Dot Product: Angle and Length...
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CS232 Lecture notes - Lecture 2: Geometry vs Linear Algebra...

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