Learning - Chapter 6 Learning 1 Learning 1 In perception we...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Chapter 6: Learning 2 Learning 1. In perception we studied that we are responsive to stimuli in the external world. Although some of these stimulus-response associations are innate many are learnt. 2. Learning tells us that the chocolate in hand is sweet, it is a bad idea not to play pool before an exam, drive slow in residential zones etc. 3. So what is learning? Learning we can say then is an adjustment of our behaviors and beliefs based on past experiences. 3 Learning: Problems 4. The way we defined learning is rather coarse and does not account for a number of other things that also entail learning: a. Skills (learning to dance). b. Acquisition (learning the unknown). c. Simple associations (learning to associate smoke with fire). d. Ideas and Beliefs (learning how geometric solution to puzzles are derived, or how to behave in an interracial gathering).
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 4 Learning: Problems 5. We will look at these kinds of learning, beginning with simple forms of learning. 6. Simple learning forms become the basis of more complicated forms of learning. 7. They are intimately linked with our emotional and motivational behaviors. 8. Study of learning is not only important to understand how we behave but also how animals behave… for there is so much that we share with other animal species. 5 The Perspective of Learning Theory 6 Aristotle (384-322 BC) www.martinfrost.ws 1. A thought (or an idea) that was originally experienced along with other thoughts, will on their recurrence will lead to the recall of the associated thoughts. 2. Laws of Association a. Similarity (lemon-lime) b. Contrast (night-day) c. Contiguity (table-chair)
Background image of page 2
3 7 Law of Association 8 The Associationists 1. What mechanisms are responsible for the complexity of learning? 2. Associationists like Locke (1632-1702) and Berkeley (1685-1753) suggested that we learn by associating one idea with another. 3. The word “flower” with the smell and sight of a flower will form an association. For more complex learning more associations are incorporated. 9 Habituation
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 10 Habituation 1. Habituation is decline in organism’s response to a stimulus once it becomes familiar. 2. Habituation ensures we attend to novel stimuli more closely than familiar (safe?) stimuli. It is simplest form of learning 3. Dishabituation is becoming sensitive to any change in the stimulus to which one has previously habituated (also called sensitization. Sensitization is revealed after habituation). 11 Classical Conditioning 12 Classical Conditioning 1. To study associations between stimulus and response perhaps that most investigated area has been classical conditioning. 2. Classical conditioning is another form of simple learning and was studied extensively by Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov (1849-1936) investigated cues (stimulus) that elicited salivation (response) in dogs and how they learned the cues to respond.
Background image of page 4
5 13 Experimental Setup Nobel Prize Seal 14 Classical Conditioning: Procedure 15 Classical Conditioning: Clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpoLxEN54ho
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 1073 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Spring '08 term at Henderson.

Page1 / 17

Learning - Chapter 6 Learning 1 Learning 1 In perception we...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online