Memory - Chapter 7 Memory Acquisition Storage Retrieval Any...

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1/29/2008 1 Chapter 7 Memory Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 2 Acquisition, Storage, Retrieval Any act of memory requires success at three aspects: Input, or the acquisition of knowledge Creation of a memory trace, or the storage of knowledge Ability to use the knowledge, or retrieval Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 3 Acquisition Includes any instance of deliberate or incidental learning Attention and engagement with to-be- remembered material is crucial; acquisition is not passive or “camera-like” Raw input: translated first into a form that can be “acquired” by the brain This is a complex process itself!
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1/29/2008 2 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 4 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 5 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 6
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1/29/2008 3 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 7 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 8 The Stage Theory of Memory Different types of memory, each with different properties Working memory Instantly accessible information Long-term memory Less instantly accessible Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 9 Storage Capacity of Working and Long-term memory Long term capacity: huge Working capacity: more modest Memory span: way of measuring working memory capacity Random, unrelated information: we can store about 7, plus or minus 2, items (5 – 9 items)‟ Referred to as “the magic number 7”
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1/29/2008 4 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 10 Working Memory “Loading platform” analogy Long term memory must be “loaded” or “pass through” WM How does it move? How is it transformed into Long term memory? Rehearsed Chunked Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 11 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 12
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1/29/2008 5 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 13 Active memory and organization: A changed emphasis “Architecture” of memory: Storage labels (long term, short term) and analogies of loading docs BUT: Learner‟s activities must be considered when examining memory Maintenance rehearsal Processing and organizing information: the “Royal Road into Memory” Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 14 Depth of processing Deep processing: Meaning-based attention Anything that connects new information to already-learned material Material that “makes sense” will be encoded more efficiently Results in superior recall Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross Ch. 7 15 Other instances of deep processing Memory connections: Links among ideas Abstract similarities Mnemonics “Method of loci” Based on rhythm/rhyme/melody/visualization “Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November” Alphabet song
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1/29/2008 6 Psychology 7th ed. Gleitman, Reisberg & Gross
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 1073 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Spring '08 term at Henderson.

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Memory - Chapter 7 Memory Acquisition Storage Retrieval Any...

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