Piaget - Jean Piaget(1896 1980 Chapter 11 1 Jean Piaget 1...

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1 1 Jean Piaget (1896 1980) Chapter 11 2 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 1. Born Aug. 9, 1896. Neuchâtel , Switzerland. Oldest child. 2. Published a paper on the albino sparrow when 11. 3. At 21, received his PhD from the University of Neuchâtel. Studied briefly at the University of Zürich. www.piaget.org 3 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 4. He went to Paris and taught at the Grange-Aux-Belles street school for boys run by Binet. 5. In 1921, became director of studies at Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute, Geneva. 6. Became chair of psychology, sociology and history of science at Neuchâtel from 1925-29).
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2 4 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 7. Served as directors to history of scientific thinking at Geneva (1929-39); the International Bureau of Education (1929-1967); psychology and sociology at Lausanne (1938-51); sociology at Geneva (1939- 52), genetic and experimental psychology 1940-71). word.world-citizenship.org 5 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 8. He was the only Swiss to be invited at the Sorbonne from (1952-63). He created and directed the International Center for Genetic Epistemology (1951-80). 9. Married a student at Jean- Jacques Rousseau Institute, and had three children. www.piaget.org 6 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 10. Wrote down 60 books and hundreds of research articles. 11. Died Sep. 17, 1980.
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3 7 Binet-Simon Scale 1. To test intelligence Binet (1904) and later Binet and Simon (1908), devised a scale that consisted of thirty tasks of increasing complexity. 2. Easy tasks included, following a lighted match visually, or shake hands etc. 3. Slightly harder tasks required naming body parts, repeat a series of 3 digits, define words like “house” or “fork” etc. 4. More difficult test items required drawings from memory or constructing sentences from words. 8 Binet-Simon Scale 5. The hardest tasks included repeating back 7 random digits, rhyming words, and answering questions involving complexity etc. 6. Number of successfully completed tasks determined the child mental age. If an 8 year- old child passed all the items, usually passed by 8 year-olds, but nothing beyond, then this child would have a chronological and mental age equaling 8. 9 Intelligence Testing 1. When Piaget worked for Binet, he was fascinated by the mistakes children made on the Scale. 2. Piaget found that children of the same age- group made the same kind of mistakes. These mistakes were qualitatively different for one age-group of children than for another. 3. Since these mistakes were qualitative in nature, Piaget employed open-ended form of questioning ( clinical method ) with children to study them.
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4 10 Piaget’s Conclusions 1. It is through the analysis of these mistakes that Piaget realized that intelligence cannot be measured by conventional intelligence tests. 2. The individual and the environment are changing constantly, so intelligence works as a mode (trait) to optimize individual’s response in its survival.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 2533 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Fall '09 term at Henderson.

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Piaget - Jean Piaget(1896 1980 Chapter 11 1 Jean Piaget 1...

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