What is Learning

What is Learning - What is Learning? Chapter 1 1 Learning...

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1 1 What is Learning? Chapter 1 2 Learning “To gain knowledge, comprehension, or mastery through experience or study” (American Heritage Dictionary). The terms knowledge, comprehension, or mastery 3 Learning: Psychology Learning simply refers to changes in observable and potential behavior . But before we get into the details of how psychology looks at learning let us study kinds of behavior.
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2 4 Kinds of Behaviors There are two kinds of behaviors; innate (unlearnt, inherited, genetically controlled) and learnt (practiced, experienced, reinforced) behaviors. Behavior Innate Learnt 5 Innate Behaviors Innate or unlearnt behaviors are inflexible, preprogrammed, genetically determined and controlled by our biology. Innate Behaviors/Mechanisms Homeostatic Mechanisms Tropic behaviors Sensory Adaptation Reflexes Sensory Potentiation Instincts 6 Homeostatic Mechanisms Mechanisms (not really behaviors) that keep many physiological functions like body temperature, pH balance, blood glucose levels, stabilized. These mechanisms optimize body’s internal environment when changes in the external environment take place.
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7 Sensory Adaptation Sensory adaptation refers to lowered responsiveness (in receptors) due to continued and prolonged stimulation. Band aid’s itchiness on your skin does not last long. Receptors (Meissner’s corpuscles) in the skin quickly adapt to prolonged stimulation from the band aid and make you unaware of its presence. static.howstuffworks.com 8 Sensory Potentiation Sensory potentiation refers to heightened responsiveness due to increased sensitivity in receptors. Rubbing sandpaper on his fingers a thief increases receptor sensitivity, thus heightens his responsiveness to crack open a safe. www.nancyricaschiff.com 9 Tropic Behavior Tropic (taxic) behaviors refer to organism’s orientation to a direction. Fish engage in rheotropic behaviors to move upstream to their spawning grounds. Sunflowers trace the sun in the sky using heliotropic behavior. www.redorbit.com
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 2533 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Fall '09 term at Henderson.

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What is Learning - What is Learning? Chapter 1 1 Learning...

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