Language Comprehension

Language Comprehension - Language Comprehension (Listening...

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1 Language Comprehension (Listening and Reading) Chapter 9 1 Language: Some Aspects Turning thoughts into words. Distinguishes man from animals. Think if there was no language. 1. Language is a cognitive process/skill (listening, reading and talking). 2. Adult vocabulary: 20,000-40,000 words. Adult college- educated vocabulary: 75,000-100,000 words. 3. We speak at about 3 words per second. 4. 6000-7000 languages spoken in the world. 5. Infinite generation of sentences. 2 Psycholinguistics An interdisciplinary field (psychology and linguistics) that examines how people use language to communicate ideas. 3
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2 Nature of Language Phonemes: (pronounced as “ foe - neem”) The smallest distinctive sound unit in a spoken language e.g., a, k, and th are all basic sounds. There are 44 phonemes in the English language. Different speakers of English will produce different actual sounds when articulating the word the , but the vocal organs of all physiologically normal speakers will perform similar motions. 4 Phoneme List 5 Nature of Language Morpheme: The smallest unit, in a language, that carries meaning, may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix). Roughly 50,000 morphemes in English. Milk = milk Pumpkin = pump . kin Unforgettable = un . for . get . table 6
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3 Words Roughly 100,000-200,000 words in English language. Milk Pumpkin Unforgettable 7 Nature of Language 1. Symbolic (spoken-written). 2. Structured (grammar-syntax). 3. Semantic (meaning). 4. Pragmatics (social aspects of language). 8 9 Symbolic Language 1. Symbolic form of language can be easily understood when we think about written form of languages. 2. Many languages are written. And we use symbols (letters, alphabets, hieroglyphic symbols) to express a language. 3. Spoken language is also symbolic. Sounds generated while speaking are verbal symbols and often laden with affect.
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Symbolic Written symbols of language A J M English Chinese 10 11 Grammar The rules with which language is put together is called grammar. Grammar extends all rules of a language. a. i.e., viz., b. An elephant. c. The truck slid on the icy road. d. Rainbow is pleasant to watch. 12 Syntax Syntax is a component of grammar and utilizes rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language. a. Spotted owl is a nocturnal bird and is native to North America. b.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 3153 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Fall '09 term at Henderson.

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Language Comprehension - Language Comprehension (Listening...

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