Emotions, Aggression and Stress

Emotions, Aggression and Stress - Emotions, Aggression and...

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1 Emotions, Aggression and Stress Chapter 15 2 Emotion Emotion is a complicated psychological concept that includes wide range of observable behaviors, expressed feelings and changes in bodily state. Due to the nature of its complexity they have been hard to study except now we are having a better understanding of them. 3 Aspects of Emotions There are four different aspects of emotions: 1. Feelings: In many cases emotions are feelings that are very private and subjective. 2. Actions: Emotions can consist of actions such as defending or attacking in a threat related situation. 3. Physiological arousal: Emotional state can be constellations of bodily states. 4. Motivational programs: Emotions can be motivational programs that coordinate responses to solve specific adaptive problems. Motivated to seek pleasure and avoid pain.
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4 Theories of Emotion Common sense view suggests that when we are confronted with a emotion arousing stimulus we experience an emotion which leads to a bodily response. Bear Fear Run 5 James-Lange Theory James-Lange theory of emotion suggests that whenever we see an emotion arousing stimulus we experience a bodily reaction followed by an emotion. Bear Run Fear 6 Cannon-Bard Theory Cannon-Bard theory of emotion suggests that whenever we see an emotion arousing stimulus we experience a bodily reaction and the emotion simultaneously. Bear Run Fear
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7 Schachter-Singer Theory Schachter-Singer theory of emotion suggests that we experience emotions based on autonomic arousal and they way we label the emotion. Bear Run Fear Threat 8 How many Emotions? Plutchik (1994) suggests that there are eight basic emotions. But other investigator do not completely agree as to how many basic emotion are there. 9 Facial Expression and Emotions According to Keltner and Ekman (2000) there are eight emotions based on facial expression. Where Keltner and Ekman (2000) suggest contempt and embarrassment Plutchik (1994) included adoration and vigilance.
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10 Emotions Across Cultures Six facial expressions seem to be universally recognized across cultures. However there are some differences; emotions like surprise and disgust are not recognized by isolated groups. 11
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course PSY 4293 taught by Professor Ahmad during the Fall '09 term at Henderson.

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Emotions, Aggression and Stress - Emotions, Aggression and...

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