History of Physiological Psychology

History of Physiological Psychology - History of Biological...

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1 History of Biological Psychology Chapter 1 2 What is Biological Psychology? A field that relates behavior to bodily processes, especially to the functions and actions of the brain. Behavior Bodily Processes Brain Rat pressing bar Muscles involved Brain involved 3 Brain over Body Willis suggested that brain affected the body and behavior. Wrote Cerebri Anatome (1664), text on the anatomy of the central nervous system. Thomas Willis (1621-1675)
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4 Brain and Behavior Brain Behavior Behavior Brain Brain Behavior 5 1. Somatic Intervention Administer a hormone Stimulate brain regions Lesion brain Change in mating behavior Motor movement Behavioral deficits Somatic Intervention Behavioral Change 6 2. Behavioral Intervention Put a male with a female Present a visual stimulus Give training Change in hormones Record brain activity Anatomical changes in brain Brain Affected Behavioral Change
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7 3. Correlation Brain Size Hormones Levels Enlarged ventricles Learning Scores Mating response Schizophrenia Somatic Variables Behavioral Variables 8 Other Disciplines Biological psychology is related to many other disciplines. And there are many players that contribute to this field. 9 Perspectives 1. Description of behavior a. Structural Description b. Functional Description 2. Evolution of behavior 3. Development of behavior 4. Mechanisms of behavior 5. Applications of biopsychology to behavior To understand the biological basis of behavior we need to consider the following five view points.
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Description of Behavior Structural Description We need to describe behavior precisely, using units. The limb movements are carefully photographed and measured (centimeters) for muscle flexion and extension. 11 Description of Behavior Functional Description A description of behavior that describes its function. So running is a functional description of a behavior. http://www.amazon.com 12 Evolution of Behavior A number of behaviors are conserved across species. Opposable thumb in humans and no-human primates share similar grasping behaviors (common ancestry). http://www.acclaimimages.com
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History of Physiological Psychology - History of Biological...

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