Lecture 5 Questions

Lecture 5 Questions - Geometric isomers have different...

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1. How is organic chemistry defined? What are three important features of bonds formed by carbon atoms? Organic chemistry is the study of organic compounds that contain carbon. Three important features are: 1. Carbon has four valence electrons; forms 4 covalent bonds 2. Covalent bonds can produce a tetrahedron with C in the center. 3. C can form single or double bonds. 4. 2. What are the valences of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen? H: 1, O: 2, N: 3 3. Define the term isomer. What are structural and geometric isomers? Describe an example of each. Isomers have the same molecular formula, different structures and properties Structural isomers have variations in covalent partners—Pentane
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Unformatted text preview: Geometric isomers have different arrangements about double bonds. – Cis and Trans isomers 4. What are enantiomers? Give an example of an enantiomer that is important in human health. Enantiomers vary in spatial arrangement around an asymmetric carbon (mirror images) 5. Where are functional groups found and why are they important? What are six functional groups that are important in organic molecules? The components or organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions are known as functional groups. 6 groups: Hydroxyl, Carbonyl, Carboxyl, Amino, Sulfhydryl, Phosphate...
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2010 for the course BIOL 1201 taught by Professor Wishtichusen during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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